PhD Proposal Summary #cliffnotes #overview #nothappeninganytimesoon

Below is a summary of one of the many PhD proposals I submitted to various universities internationally. While I was able to get into more than 15 very competitive unis, I couldn’t secure even the slightest amount of funding from any of them. It’s been three years now and I don’t seem to be any closer to getting that funding. I have contemplated switching my topic and applying again, but I may have to hold off on it since my topic being accepted hasn’t been of issue, rather funding has been my main issue. However, enough time has passed that parts of my research are irrelevant and other parts are no longer original since it has been encompassed in other researcher’s findings. The more time that goes by, the less my specific lens in regards to the topic is original or new. And therein lies the dilemma.

Anyways, here is a snapshot of one of my proposals. My other proposals are variations of the same topic. As you may know, every university has different proposal requirements. Some want a 15 page proposal, some want a 5 page proposal. Others want a full literature review, while others look down on what they deem “name dropping.” Here is just one of the many variations of proposals I have saved.

Enjoy…

Project Overview

Research Title: Transnational Contemporary Palestinian Music: Transnational Palestinian Identity Formation, Palestinian Experience and its Role in Israeli Affairs

Palestinian contemporary music, particularly Palestinian hip-hop, which is very popular amongst Palestinian youth, acts as a medium for the Palestinian experience. Palestinian musicians voice their experiences and identity through their lyrics and this music acts as a medium to explore transnational Palestinian identity formation in the US and UK, seeing as this music is consumed globally by the Palestinian diaspora. [1] This research intends to study the role of Palestinian contemporary music in formulating a transnational Palestinian identity, how this transnational identity creates a new vision of Palestinian citizenship or activism and how this transnational identity and Palestinian citizenship influences Israel’s international relations.

Project Scope

The case study for this research is contemporary Palestinian music and its role in identity expression and formation, drawing a parallel between Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities concept that print capitalism brought the rise of the nationalism,[2] in turn globalisation’s role in transnational music distribution brought the rise of a transnational Palestinian identity. This research will assess in detail how this identity formed and what role this identity plays in their political activism concerning Israeli domestic and foreign relations. This will be achieved by researching the Palestinian community’s interactions with music and political opportunity structures in their home country’s, as well as Israel.

The members of DAM, a prominent Arab hip-hop group, come from Al-Lid, Israel, although they very strongly identify themselves as Palestinian in their lyrics. DAMs closing lyrics to their song, Stranger in My Country, illustrate their multi-layered identity. And our Arabian roots are still strong. But still our Arabian brothers are calling us renegades. No. We never sold our country. The occupation has written our destiny. Which is, that the whole world till today is treating us as Israelis. And Israel till tomorrow will treat us as Palestinians. I’m a stranger in my own country.” [3]

The lyrics of DAMs, Stranger in my Country, express feelings felt by Palestinian citizens of Israel. DAMs lyrics act as a form of communication to Palestinians living in other regions, serving as a form of news to these regions that otherwise may be unaware of what Palestinians in Israel experience. This leaves the Palestinian listeners with their own experiences that form their identity, in addition to the connection they have formed with other Palestinian experiences that influence their experience hereon in, and take part in shaping their identity. This hybrid identity then influences the state of Palestinian citizenship, affecting actions taken by Palestinians, political affiliations and civic duties, creating a transnational Palestinian citizenship.

Project Empirical and Methodological Overview

This project will assess why and how the Palestinian diaspora interacts with contemporary Palestinian music, embracing Palestinian identity or eschewing the community they live in as a form of political participation by using a postmodernist theory of methodology,[4] linking the use of music with political activism amongst Palestinians in the diaspora.[5] It will focus on organisational development of politically active groups on the macro, meso and micro levels, as well as diaspora Palestinian political inspirations found in Palestinian contemporary music. This project will garner empirical data through interviews with Palestinian music listeners and political activists, in order to build a comprehensive overview of how Palestinian lyrics and music can influence its listeners to form a transnational community that acts in benefit of a nation it does not live in. I also plan to translate and analyze Palestinian song lyrics and compare these lyrics to news reports that report socio-political circumstances of Palestinians. Attending conferences or concerts in which Palestinian musicians perform will give me better access to interview Palestinian contemporary music listeners. These interviews plan to get a better understanding of how Palestinians define their experiences, what constitutes a Palestinian identity, how connected they are to Palestinians in different regions, how they view Palestinian hip-hop and contemporary Palestinian music, as well as get a better idea of their political influences.

From the data collected, I will then seek to build a wider theoretical framework to analyse the Palestinian diaspora’s formulation of identity, how this identity is measured and the influence this identity has on Israeli foreign and domestic decision making. This research will build on the work of Usama Kahf, who researched Palestinian hip-hop and identity in Israel and its relation to the Palestinian political struggle;[6] Andy Bennett’s research that explored youth consumption of music and how this music is used to define the self;[7] Amal Jamal, who researched media’s use in cultural resistance, as well as Israeli media policies towards Palestinians;[8] and Bakari Kitwana’s research on rap music’s role in cultural movement and political power.[9]

A challenge arises as Palestinian hip-hop and other forms of contemporary Palestinian music is male dominatedHow does this dynamic play into identity formation amongst Palestinian women and does it have any impact on the political activism of Palestinian men or women?

Timeline

This research is expected to take up to three years as follows:

  • September 2015 January 2016Preliminary research, survey of literature and interpretive models.
  • February 2016 December 2016 Fieldwork, interviews and data collection.
  • January 2017 March 2017 Collate data and assess an interpretive model.
  • April 2017 September 2017 Development and presentation of preliminary findings and analysis.
  • October 2017 January 2018 First draft.
  • February 2018 October 2018 Final write up.

Project Aims and Objectives

This study will act as a vehicle case study for critiquing current research approaches to identity formation through music and its influence on international relations. It will be designed to challenge the paradigm that views transnational musical identity formation as insignificant in the face of international relations. This research is important because it fills existing empirical and theoretical gaps. Empirically, there is very little research on contemporary music’s role on the formulation of a transnational identity that leads to a politically active community that is capable of enacting change on an international level. There is also limited understanding of the Palestinian diaspora’s political aspirations and even less understanding of Israel’s interaction with Palestinian musical messages. This research looks to conduct thorough empirical research, particularly through interviews, observational data collection, quantitative monitoring of Palestinian music consumption amongst the diaspora. It will also involve an in depth analysis of contemporary Palestinian music’s lyrics, the messages intended in the music, as well as researching the connection between Israeli political relations and music.

Theoretically, this research will explore the limitations set forth by not incorporating an interdisciplinary approach to the subject of transnational musical identity’s influence on international relations and political activism. This research will utilise data to create an extended postmodernist framework to assess motivations for political activism in the diaspora and how much of that political activism is due to their Palestinian identity that was formed in part by Palestinian contemporary music.

Reasons for the Research

Recent social-political movements, such as the divestment campaigns led by Palestinian activists in the diaspora, and these movements links to transnational Palestinian identity, demonstrates the needs to understand the influence of transnational Palestinian music on this community. This research serves the purpose of better defining the Palestinian identity and what is means to be Palestinian,[10] as well as how contemporary Palestinian music has influenced this process. Once a better understanding of Palestinian identity is established, a better understanding of their experiences, their needs, desires, hopes and political aspirations as a collective can be recognised. As Palestinian youth become more influential in their societies, their shared transnational experiences and identity will shed insight onto the socio-political future of Palestinians and Israelis.    

Works Cited

1. P. Katzenstein, The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, (Columbia University Press, 1996 ).

2. Bennett, Andy. Popular Music and Youth Culture: Music, Identity, and Place. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2000. Print.

3. DAM. Stranger in My Own Country. 2007. MP3.

4. Keri E. Iyall Smith and Patricia Leavy (eds.), Hybrid Identities,  (Haymarket Books 2009), 267.

5. Jamal, Amaney and Nadine Naber, Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11: From Invisible Citizens to Visible Subjects , (Syracuse University Press, 2008).

6. Kahf, Usama. “Arabic Hip-Hop: Claims of Authenticity and Identity of a New Genre.”That’s the Joint!: The Hip-hop Studies Reader. By Murray Forman and Mark Anthony. Neal. New York: Routledge, 2012. N. pag. Print.

7. Bennett, Andy. Popular Music and Youth Culture: Music, Identity, and Place. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2000. Print.

8. Jamal, Amal. The Arab Public Sphere in Israel: Media Space and Cultural Resistance. P. 23-24, Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2009. Print.

9. Kitwana, Bakari. That’s the Joint!: The Hip-hop Studies Reader. Ed. Mark Anthony. Neal and Murray Forman. New York: Routledge, 2012. N. pag. Print.

10. Darcy Zabel, Arabs in the Americas: Interdisciplinary Essays on the Arab Diaspora, (Peter Lang Publishing, 2006), 35-39.

Editor For Hire #editing #writer #editor #writing

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Forward Head Posture

YOUR POOR HEAD POSTURE IS MAKING YOU LOOK 10 LBS HEAVIER AND 2 INCHES SHORTER THAN YOU ACTUALLY ARE

As the main connector between your upper torso and skull, the neck has the crucial task of cradling the body’s computer — the brain. Click Here!

When I personally discovered that I suffered from Forward Head Posture, I was shocked at the impact it had on my health. The number of symptoms I could directly trace back to poor posture was just as shocking.

When your head is pulled forward the additional pressure on your neck, shoulders and back rises dramatically causing serious tissue damage. In fact, every inch your head is thrust forward from its natural position adds another 10 lbs of stress on the neck, shoulders, back and spine.

forward-head-posture2

Not only does Forward Head Posture give your back that ugly hunch and crouched-over look… it also causes much deeper, serious problems including:

 

  • Constant fatigue and lack of energy
  • Pain in your neck, shoulders or upper, lower and middle back
  • Permanent damage to your joints, muscles, ligaments, blood vessels & nerves
  • Headaches and migraines
  • Poor sleep or insomnia
  • Arthritis
  • Impaired athletic performance
  • Loss of height by 2 inches
  • Looking 10 lbs fatter than you actually are
  • Affects your hormonal health
  • Noisy mouth breathing, snoring & sleep apnea
  • Early degeneration of your spine
  • Pinched and trapped nerves
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Lack of confidence
  • Blood Flow to the Brain
  • Asthma
  • Decreased lung capacity by up to 30%
  • Harmful affects to vision and hearing
  • Jaw pain and sinus issues
  • Dizziness, vertigo and balance issues
  • Burdens your digestive system

If you’ve suffered any of these without realizing the root problem was Forward Head Posture, you’re not alone.

Forward Head Posture or FHP affects nearly everybody, yet hardly anyone understands the serious long-term physical and mental damage it can cause.

And it’s the most important muscle in your neck that dictates just how strong and healthy our posture and well-being is.

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The Modern Woman’s Guide To Strength Training

The Modern Woman’s Guide To Strength Training Is A Collection Of 5-training-programs-in-1 To Help You Get Strong, Lean And Confident In No Time. Click Here!

 

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Manual.Everything you want to know about strength training for women in an easy-to-understand format.

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Exercise Glossary.A visual overview of the movements you will be doing during your training shot in beautiful, high quality HD.

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Video Library.With 90 minutes of high-quality HD video, we show you all of the exercises, give you the exact tips and cues to make sure you’re performing them correctly.

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Programs.Three different 16 weeks training programs perfect for any ability level, and perfect for any woman who wants to get stronger, leaner, healthier, and feel like a million bucks!

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Progress Tracker.Tracking progress is absolutely critical to your long-term success. Simple and easy-to-use, you’ll be able to keep track of exactly what you’re doing every workout so you can see your progress over time.

The Modern Woman’s Guide to Strength Training Getting Started Guide.This Getting Started Guide is an absolute lifesaver as it helps you know exactly where to start, and walks you through the entire program step-by-step.

BONUS: The Modern Woman’s Guide to Conditioning.This guide brings a little sanity to the cardio and conditioning discussion. It gives descriptions and examples of the differences between high intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity cardio (MIC) and tells you what’s best for you.

Available for Today Only

BONUS: The Modern Woman’s Guide to Nutrition – Super Shakes.This super shake guide shows you how you can make a quick, tasty, and healthful shake in just minutes. The shakes are broken down into two categories, snacks (~250 calories) and meal replacements (~450 calories).

Available for Today Only

BONUS: The Modern Woman’s Guide to Core Training – Body Weight Edition.This Core Training Guide breaks down exactly how you should be training your core, and the types of movements that should be included in your program.

Available for Today Only

Optional: The Modern Woman’s Guide to Good Nutrition Manual

We’re sure you’ve heard it before, but you can’t out-exercise a bad-diet. That’s just a recipe for a disaster.

That’s why we asked Dr. Cassandra Forsythe to write an accompanying Guide to Good Nutrition.

Dr. Cass (as we like to call her) is a brilliant, pragmatic nutrition expert and not one of those self-proclaimed “experts” either… she happens to be a registered dietitian (RD), certified sports nutritionist (CISSN), and holds a PhD in exercise science and nutrition. And if that weren’t enough to make you say dang…

She frequently speaks at various seminars and conferences in regards to female nutrition.

It’s safe to say, if anyone is an expert on female nutrition, it’s her.

http://bd4d27qvas5q2yaflniqcx8zbv.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=STRENGTH

Learn Digital Photography Now

…Reveals Professional, “Insider” Tips And Tricks For Taking Awesome Digital Photos With Your Digital Camera… (Even If You’re A Complete Newbie To Photography!)

Learn Digital Photography Now Click Here!

Summary: The “Your Guide to Digital Photography” by Dan Feildman is a downloadable guide for digital photography beginners and those looking for better results from their digital photography.

Product Details: There are a number of components to this learning product including –

– “Your Guide to Digital Photography” – a 75-page guide that includes a variety of tips and advice for the beginner to advanced photographer. Some of the topics are:

– Taking your first pictures
– Different kinds of digital cameras
– Professional technology at affordable prices
– Finding the right low end digital camera for those on a budget
– Exposing digital photography myths.
– Understanding the features of your digital camera
– Tips for taking better digital pictures
– Pet photo tips
– Night photo tips
– Horizons and sunglasses
– How to share your digital pictures
– Printing your pictures
– Choosing a printer for you digital images
– Editing your photos.
– Understanding white balance so your photos look good in all lighting.
– Interpolation and digital zoom to improve detailing in pictures
– Finding free photo editors for your Windows computer
– Using your flash effectively
– Understanding and making the most of your memory cards
– Important equipment to take when traveling.
– Battery options and your best bets.
– Making money from your digital photography hobby.

– “Photography Quick Tips” – 37 pages showing you how to make the most of your pictures. It includes practical tips for:

– Night photography
– Action photography
– Landscapes
– Sunsets and sunrises
– Beach photography
– Desert photography
– Sports photography
– People and pets
– Street photography
– Fog & Mist
– Waterfalls & Running Water
– Rain & Snow
– Fireworks

– Picasa Tutorials – There are 8 video tutorials (you can view them online or download them to your computer) to show you how to use the free Picasa software to organize, edit, create and share your photos. The videos include:

– Downloading and installing the program
– Editing photos with Picasa
– Creating collages
– Blogging with Picasa
– Backing up your photos
– Printing your photos
– Posting pictures to your web album

– “Your Top Digital Photography Questions Answered” – This 26 page guide answers 20 common questions about digital photography including:

– What is the biggest mistake made by beginning digital photographers?
– How to decide on the right digital camera.
– How to decide is a picture is worth taking.
– How to get the white balance right.
– How to take clear shots for indoor sports.
– Advantages/disadvantages of raw vs. Jpeg format photographs.
– What are the best settings for low light/nighttime conditions?
– What is hyperfocal distance?
– How to take a photo of a glass sign or a framed picture in glass
– How to get high contrast natural light black and white pictures.
– Time lag from the time you take a picture until it is on the memory card.
– How to avoid redeye in dim light.
– Small object close up pictures.
– How to photograph gemstones and jewelry.
– How to take a picture with both strong sun and shade.
– Capturing personality in photos of people.
– How can I understand depth of field?
– Settings and techniques for photographing birds and wildlife.
– How to take pictures into the sun and avoid lens flare.
– How to take good pictures in the snow or on the beach.

– “Buying a Digital Camera” Video – This video shows you how to use the Internet to conduct research from unbiased sources.

– “An Experiment in Photography. What Exactly Happens When You Change the Settings on Your Digital Camera?” – This 12 page guide shows photos of the same object (a house, in this case) with different camera settings resulting in very different photos.

– “Secrets of Night Photography” – A quick 6-page guide with concise advice about nighttime photography. It includes information on:

– Trails of Light (Cars)
– Trails of Light (Stars)
– Weather and Exposure
– Horizons and Sunglasses
– Tripods
– Low Cost Filtering

Format:

The main guide is a PDF ebook. There are extra guides (PDF) and videos (free Flash & Shockwave required). If you’re not sure how to use these files, don’t worry, all the download information is carefully explained and any software you may need is free and safe to download.

Thoughts on the Product:

This package covers a lot of ground on the topic of digital photography. All of the advice is very step-by-step and detailed, but doesn’t include unnecessary filler. Even for someone who has never used a digital camera before, the information is clear and concise enough to take that person from buying a camera to taking their first shots and being proud of their work.

The product can be downloaded instantly upon purchase, so you don’t have to wait for a bunch of books and videos to come in the mail. For those who are new to online downloads, full instructions are included.

http://8477cdnw934y2pecmdsslar8zc.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=PHOTO

President Obama rejects Keystone XL pipeline

 

 

 

This morning, President Obama announced that he is officially rejecting the Keystone XL pipeline proposal.

Click here to share the victory image below with your friends on Facebook to celebrate the good news:

This is an historic moment. I’m actually in shock. Hundreds of thousands of us have been fighting against this pipeline for years. We’ve argued with family members, signed letters to our representatives, joined protests, and been arrested. And it worked.

Victory doesn’t happen every time we raise our voices. But more often than not, it only happens if we do. When the Keystone pipeline was introduced seven years ago, many people thought it was inevitable that the pipeline would be approved even though experts revealed it would be an environmental disaster and create only about 35 permanent jobs.

We could have kept quiet, shaking our heads and saying “Well, what can you do?”

But we didn’t. We refused to let this go. We were tenacious, we worked together, we flooded the streets. We collected more than 606,000 signatures on Care2 petitions against the pipeline. The Tar Sands Action sit-in at the White House was the largest civil disobedience action in the United States since 1977.

And we aren’t done. There are still huge fights ahead. We need to stop the expansion of offshore drilling, to take bold action at the Paris climate talks next month, and above all we need accountability from our decision-makers.

But we can do it. We are a massive movement of people across the country and around the world, and we will defend our environment. We will not be ignored.

President Obama just confirmed it. Let’s celebrate it.

Click here to share the victory image on Facebook. People are inspired by the stories their friends tell, so don’t be shy: consider adding a personal note to your post about how you contributed to the fight against Keystone, what you’re hoping for next, or what your reaction is to this huge moment.

Thank you for everything you’ve done and will do to keep this movement strong,

 

Jen

The Care2 Petitions Team

#LoveMe Challenge: Day 10

Day 10

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Share a secret: I’m not really sure I have any super secrets, mainly because I don’t do a lot. I do a lot of thinking and I have a lot of regrets. I suppose in front of most people I come off as funny, angry or strong, but inside I’m hurt. I put up a wall because letting people in usually leaves me hurting. I have really high expectations of the world and so I’m often disappointed. Maybe a not so secret secret is that I have Misophonia. I can’t stand listening to people eat or breathe, myself included. I’m told that it’s my Dyspraxia that makes it impossible for me to tolerate loud sounds and I should get ear defenders. Sounds that don’t irritate other people, drive me up the wall. Like to the point where I’m screaming and crying. I can’t help it. It plays on my every nerve. I pretend like I don’t like everybody and truth is, I don’t like everybody, but I like more people and things then I let on. Again, I’m trying to shield myself from rejection. But I think the biggest rejection comes from myself. I’m really down and out on myself most of the time. I think that is why I have a difficult time with rejection and criticism. It’s not because I’m arrogant, but it’s because I beat myself up much harder and much more often than anyone else in the world. And I want to believe I’m being unnecessarily cruel to myself, but when I face a rejection it becomes all the more clear that I was worthy of that rejection. And that hurts. I don’t believe in myself as much as I probably should. I break my own heart every single day.

STRATEGY MEMO: (Take time to read this now:)

END HEADER START BODY

How strong is our grassroots campaign to end Citizens United?

End Citizens United PAC launched 6 months ago — a brand new organization funded by grassroots donors. Your outpouring of support in that time has been stunning:

  • 5,101,981 petition signatures standing strongly against Big Money Republicans. 
  •  
  • 94,154 Founding Members have chipped in much needed support for our grassroots cause.
  •  
  • $14.07: That’s the average donation from our supporters across the country. Half as much as any of the presidential candidates.

Hebatullah, that’s an incredible response…but it’s not enough. We have a hard internal goal of 1OO,OOO Original Founding Members raised by our October 24th budget deadline — and less than 72 hours to get there.

Chip in $5 or more to become one of the 1OO,OOO Original Founding Members of End Citizens United >>

$5 >>

$35 >>

$50 >>

$100 >>

$250 >>

Other >>

How is End Citizens United going to make change happen?

End Citizens United is a Political Action Committee dedicated to overturning Citizens United. Our goal is to elect as many pro-reform Democrats to the House and Senate as we can.

We’re also going to make campaign finance reform THE issue in next year’s elections. To do that, we’re building the staff and infrastructure we’ll need to shine an enormous light on the dark money that is corrupting our electoral system.

We’ve endorsed 35 candidates running for the House and Senate in 2016. Here’s what some of them have to say about End Citizens United:

  • Sen. Michael Bennet, U.S. Senator in Colorado: “End Citizens United PAC’s work is critical to building a broad coalition pressuring lawmakers to pass the Constitutional Amendment to reverse Citizens United — and to finally take action on campaign finance reform.”
  •  
  • Rep. Tammy Duckworth, Running for Senate in Illinois: “Proud to have the support of End Citizens United. All Americans should have an equal say in who represents them.”
  •  
  • Rep. Patrick Murphy, Running for Senate in Florida: “I was recently honored to receive the endorsement of End Citizens United, the grassroots movement to overturn the court’s decision.”
  •  
  • Rep. Rick Nolan, Running for Congress in Minnesota: “I look forward to working with End Citizens United to keep [campaign finance reform] as a central part of the conversation in 2016, and I appreciate their support for this campaign.”

We’re financially supporting Democrats who have pledged to fight for reform in Congress. So far, we’ve contributed nearly $25O,OOO directly to our endorsed candidates — and we’ve helped raise an additional $5O,OOO for these candidates from small dollar donors (giving less than $10 on average).

Next year, we’ll invest strategically in races where the Koch Brothers and related dark money groups are attacking our endorsed candidates.

Our work is getting noticed:

Media outlets including MSNBC, National Journal, and Roll Call recently profiled End Citizens United PAC to discuss the work we’re doing to reform our broken system. Here’s what they’ve had to say:

  • MSNBC: “Groups like End Citizens United do serve a purpose in ‘continuing with the public awareness of the Supreme Court’s decision and it keeps political pressure on both the Supreme Court and other political actors to not make things worse.'”
  •  
  • Roll Call: “The group — which seeks to elect legislators who will fight for a repeal of the Citizens United court decision — found in their polling that candidates who want to repeal the 2010 court decision would fare better with voters in 2016.”
  •  
  • National Journal: “A new cam­paign-fin­ance-re­form PAC with am­bi­tious spend­ing goals is adding six battle­ground House dis­tricts to its tar­get list… The or­gan­iz­a­tion’s aim is to elect Demo­crats who fa­vor over­turn­ing Cit­izens United and oth­er Su­preme Court de­cisions that have fueled more money in polit­ics.”

Why is 2015 the year for change to start?

The public backlash against the Citizens United ruling has continued to grow over the years — despite efforts by some Republicans to glorify the case as a free-speech triumph (because they of course argue that corporations are people).

Last month, End Citizens United conducted scientific polls in three MAJOR Senate Battleground states. Here’s what voters had to say:

We need to seize this opportunity. It’s time for a loud, national debate on curbing the influence of money in our elections.

Can we really take on the Koch Brothers’ millions?

Yes. (otherwise we wouldn’t send these emails!) But it certainly won’t be easy.

It’ll take a powerful grassroots organization to reform our campaign finance system. And while we’re off to a great start, we still have a long way to go.

We want to show the press, the public, the politicians, and the Kochs themselves that we’re for real, and we’re demanding real change. To do that, we need your help to reach our 1OO,OOO Founding Member goal by Friday:

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EST. MARCH 2015

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Chip in $5 or more to become a Founding Member of End Citizens United:

$5 >>

$35 >>

$50 >>

$100 >>

$250 >>

Other >>

→ http://act.endcitizensunited.org/Founding-Member

We hope you’re with us.

Thank you,

-The entire End Citizens United team