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PhD Proposal Summary #cliffnotes #overview #nothappeninganytimesoon

Below is a summary of one of the many PhD proposals I submitted to various universities internationally. While I was able to get into more than 15 very competitive unis, I couldn’t secure even the slightest amount of funding from any of them. It’s been three years now and I don’t seem to be any closer to getting that funding. I have contemplated switching my topic and applying again, but I may have to hold off on it since my topic being accepted hasn’t been of issue, rather funding has been my main issue. However, enough time has passed that parts of my research are irrelevant and other parts are no longer original since it has been encompassed in other researcher’s findings. The more time that goes by, the less my specific lens in regards to the topic is original or new. And therein lies the dilemma.

Anyways, here is a snapshot of one of my proposals. My other proposals are variations of the same topic. As you may know, every university has different proposal requirements. Some want a 15 page proposal, some want a 5 page proposal. Others want a full literature review, while others look down on what they deem “name dropping.” Here is just one of the many variations of proposals I have saved.

Enjoy…

Project Overview

Research Title: Transnational Contemporary Palestinian Music: Transnational Palestinian Identity Formation, Palestinian Experience and its Role in Israeli Affairs

Palestinian contemporary music, particularly Palestinian hip-hop, which is very popular amongst Palestinian youth, acts as a medium for the Palestinian experience. Palestinian musicians voice their experiences and identity through their lyrics and this music acts as a medium to explore transnational Palestinian identity formation in the US and UK, seeing as this music is consumed globally by the Palestinian diaspora. [1] This research intends to study the role of Palestinian contemporary music in formulating a transnational Palestinian identity, how this transnational identity creates a new vision of Palestinian citizenship or activism and how this transnational identity and Palestinian citizenship influences Israel’s international relations.

Project Scope

The case study for this research is contemporary Palestinian music and its role in identity expression and formation, drawing a parallel between Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities concept that print capitalism brought the rise of the nationalism,[2] in turn globalisation’s role in transnational music distribution brought the rise of a transnational Palestinian identity. This research will assess in detail how this identity formed and what role this identity plays in their political activism concerning Israeli domestic and foreign relations. This will be achieved by researching the Palestinian community’s interactions with music and political opportunity structures in their home country’s, as well as Israel.

The members of DAM, a prominent Arab hip-hop group, come from Al-Lid, Israel, although they very strongly identify themselves as Palestinian in their lyrics. DAMs closing lyrics to their song, Stranger in My Country, illustrate their multi-layered identity. And our Arabian roots are still strong. But still our Arabian brothers are calling us renegades. No. We never sold our country. The occupation has written our destiny. Which is, that the whole world till today is treating us as Israelis. And Israel till tomorrow will treat us as Palestinians. I’m a stranger in my own country.” [3]

The lyrics of DAMs, Stranger in my Country, express feelings felt by Palestinian citizens of Israel. DAMs lyrics act as a form of communication to Palestinians living in other regions, serving as a form of news to these regions that otherwise may be unaware of what Palestinians in Israel experience. This leaves the Palestinian listeners with their own experiences that form their identity, in addition to the connection they have formed with other Palestinian experiences that influence their experience hereon in, and take part in shaping their identity. This hybrid identity then influences the state of Palestinian citizenship, affecting actions taken by Palestinians, political affiliations and civic duties, creating a transnational Palestinian citizenship.

Project Empirical and Methodological Overview

This project will assess why and how the Palestinian diaspora interacts with contemporary Palestinian music, embracing Palestinian identity or eschewing the community they live in as a form of political participation by using a postmodernist theory of methodology,[4] linking the use of music with political activism amongst Palestinians in the diaspora.[5] It will focus on organisational development of politically active groups on the macro, meso and micro levels, as well as diaspora Palestinian political inspirations found in Palestinian contemporary music. This project will garner empirical data through interviews with Palestinian music listeners and political activists, in order to build a comprehensive overview of how Palestinian lyrics and music can influence its listeners to form a transnational community that acts in benefit of a nation it does not live in. I also plan to translate and analyze Palestinian song lyrics and compare these lyrics to news reports that report socio-political circumstances of Palestinians. Attending conferences or concerts in which Palestinian musicians perform will give me better access to interview Palestinian contemporary music listeners. These interviews plan to get a better understanding of how Palestinians define their experiences, what constitutes a Palestinian identity, how connected they are to Palestinians in different regions, how they view Palestinian hip-hop and contemporary Palestinian music, as well as get a better idea of their political influences.

From the data collected, I will then seek to build a wider theoretical framework to analyse the Palestinian diaspora’s formulation of identity, how this identity is measured and the influence this identity has on Israeli foreign and domestic decision making. This research will build on the work of Usama Kahf, who researched Palestinian hip-hop and identity in Israel and its relation to the Palestinian political struggle;[6] Andy Bennett’s research that explored youth consumption of music and how this music is used to define the self;[7] Amal Jamal, who researched media’s use in cultural resistance, as well as Israeli media policies towards Palestinians;[8] and Bakari Kitwana’s research on rap music’s role in cultural movement and political power.[9]

A challenge arises as Palestinian hip-hop and other forms of contemporary Palestinian music is male dominatedHow does this dynamic play into identity formation amongst Palestinian women and does it have any impact on the political activism of Palestinian men or women?

Timeline

This research is expected to take up to three years as follows:

  • September 2015 January 2016Preliminary research, survey of literature and interpretive models.
  • February 2016 December 2016 Fieldwork, interviews and data collection.
  • January 2017 March 2017 Collate data and assess an interpretive model.
  • April 2017 September 2017 Development and presentation of preliminary findings and analysis.
  • October 2017 January 2018 First draft.
  • February 2018 October 2018 Final write up.

Project Aims and Objectives

This study will act as a vehicle case study for critiquing current research approaches to identity formation through music and its influence on international relations. It will be designed to challenge the paradigm that views transnational musical identity formation as insignificant in the face of international relations. This research is important because it fills existing empirical and theoretical gaps. Empirically, there is very little research on contemporary music’s role on the formulation of a transnational identity that leads to a politically active community that is capable of enacting change on an international level. There is also limited understanding of the Palestinian diaspora’s political aspirations and even less understanding of Israel’s interaction with Palestinian musical messages. This research looks to conduct thorough empirical research, particularly through interviews, observational data collection, quantitative monitoring of Palestinian music consumption amongst the diaspora. It will also involve an in depth analysis of contemporary Palestinian music’s lyrics, the messages intended in the music, as well as researching the connection between Israeli political relations and music.

Theoretically, this research will explore the limitations set forth by not incorporating an interdisciplinary approach to the subject of transnational musical identity’s influence on international relations and political activism. This research will utilise data to create an extended postmodernist framework to assess motivations for political activism in the diaspora and how much of that political activism is due to their Palestinian identity that was formed in part by Palestinian contemporary music.

Reasons for the Research

Recent social-political movements, such as the divestment campaigns led by Palestinian activists in the diaspora, and these movements links to transnational Palestinian identity, demonstrates the needs to understand the influence of transnational Palestinian music on this community. This research serves the purpose of better defining the Palestinian identity and what is means to be Palestinian,[10] as well as how contemporary Palestinian music has influenced this process. Once a better understanding of Palestinian identity is established, a better understanding of their experiences, their needs, desires, hopes and political aspirations as a collective can be recognised. As Palestinian youth become more influential in their societies, their shared transnational experiences and identity will shed insight onto the socio-political future of Palestinians and Israelis.    

Works Cited

1. P. Katzenstein, The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, (Columbia University Press, 1996 ).

2. Bennett, Andy. Popular Music and Youth Culture: Music, Identity, and Place. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2000. Print.

3. DAM. Stranger in My Own Country. 2007. MP3.

4. Keri E. Iyall Smith and Patricia Leavy (eds.), Hybrid Identities,  (Haymarket Books 2009), 267.

5. Jamal, Amaney and Nadine Naber, Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11: From Invisible Citizens to Visible Subjects , (Syracuse University Press, 2008).

6. Kahf, Usama. “Arabic Hip-Hop: Claims of Authenticity and Identity of a New Genre.”That’s the Joint!: The Hip-hop Studies Reader. By Murray Forman and Mark Anthony. Neal. New York: Routledge, 2012. N. pag. Print.

7. Bennett, Andy. Popular Music and Youth Culture: Music, Identity, and Place. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2000. Print.

8. Jamal, Amal. The Arab Public Sphere in Israel: Media Space and Cultural Resistance. P. 23-24, Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2009. Print.

9. Kitwana, Bakari. That’s the Joint!: The Hip-hop Studies Reader. Ed. Mark Anthony. Neal and Murray Forman. New York: Routledge, 2012. N. pag. Print.

10. Darcy Zabel, Arabs in the Americas: Interdisciplinary Essays on the Arab Diaspora, (Peter Lang Publishing, 2006), 35-39.

Symposium Report 2011- Immigration

For the first time ever, more people live in cities than in rural areas and people are living a truly urban life. The European Union is the closest experiment to open borders and works because the levels of disparities amongst the EU nations are not as wide as the disparities between Europe and North Africa.

Although exact figures are often thought to be unbelievable, it is estimated that there are approximately 214 million international migrants in the world today- this estimation does not include internal migrations. It should be noted that migrant numbers are not included in this statistic. Instead, migration scholars, such as Khalid Koser prefer to say that 3 percent of the total global population are international migrants, which is believed to be a more accurate statement. One in 35 people is an international migrant, constituting the population of the fourth biggest nation in the world, Indonesia. This may seem like an intimidating thought to think that an entire nation of migrants exists, but Koser asks the question, “Why is the forces of migration is so strong do the other 97 percent of the Earth’s population not migrant?”

Statistics can often be misinterpreted due to the differing definitions of migration terminology. The above stated numbers do not take into consideration the estimated 740 million internal migrants, according to the International Displacement Monitoring Centre.

Despite the current economic crisis, migration has not slowed down significantly. In fact, during the financial crisis unemployment amongst migrants was not as large as to be thought because average citizens were thought to rather accept welfare check than take jobs they thought were beneath them. However, the quality of the life of migrants decreased.  Also during the global financial crisis, flows of irregular migrations decreased, but stocks of migrants increased for fear that after unemployment if they left they would not be able to come back.

Almost 50 percent of migrations now are woman migrants; this used to be due to reasons of marriage, whereas now women are seen as the breadwinners. The feminization of migration is due to many countries’ liberalization where women have a more important role in society, the need for services stereotypically taken on by women such as cooking and cleaning, as well as prostitution and human trafficking.

Migrants are often placed into the categories of legal or illegal, by those who use migration as a political tool, especially for re-election, whereas humanitarian organizations refer to migrants as documented and undocumented or irregular migrants. The term irregular migrants can be used in circumstances where irregular circumstances occur that cause the migrants to leave their documentation behind. Refugees are not included in the estimation of migrants. Contrary to popular thought most migrants come in legally and then become considered ‘illegal’ because they have overstayed their visas.

The term ‘voluntary migration’ has been highly contested. If a family’s home has been destroyed by a natural disaster, they are considered a forced migrant, but if a member of a family leaves the country to find work in another country because their country of origin is lacking openings, are they then considered to be ‘voluntary migrants.’ There is no simple solution to this question, typically governments see these individuals are voluntary migrants, whereas humanitarian organizations are more liberal in interpreting the events that led to migration.

Remittances are the money made by the international migrants that is sent back to the migrants’ families. The top three nations to receive remittances are India, China and Mexico and 50 percent of Tajikistan’s GDP is dependent on remittances. The 2010 flow of remittances is estimated to be about $316 billion. Although some governments may state that the amount of remittances leaving the country in which the money was made, hinders the economy, only 10 percent of remittances are sent back to the migrants’ country of origin and the other 90 percent is sent in the country the migrants are living in to pay for food, rent and other immediate expenses. The danger of remittances stands in that a cultural dependence of this flow of money is established and migration looks more appealing.

International migration law is not recognized as a sect of international law, although it is an emerging field. The UN convention of 1990 does not refer to admission of migrants, but only the legal status of migrants. One of the principles governing migration is that migration and expulsion of ‘aliens’ is a part of the sovereignty of a country. Domestic jurisdiction is an evolving concept and is thought to be better to use than sovereignty in legal terms. States no longer enjoy absolute discretion and must adhere to certain grounds of rejection of aliens, being: a threat to security, not meeting financial requirements, having a contagious disease, a lack of documentation, a prior violation of immigration laws, war criminal status or having a criminal record.

Many fallacies exist about the state of migrants, such as they are unhealthy and bring disease into the country. According to the IOM, this is false, as the strongest and healthiest individuals are those that migrate for work purposes. In fact not only are most migrants healthy, but migrants often underutilize health services and do not take away from public health services, as thought by some. The World Health Organization has reported that Australia has the most access to health care for migrants, whereas Qatar has the least access to health care. Unfortunately the most cited reason for migrants being rejected from the health care system is the government thinks it is too costly.  Switzerland claims that migrants receive full health equality services in hospitals, but migrants are forced to use a different entrance to the hospital, as it is inappropriate for them to enter through the same entrance as a ‘regular’ citizen of the country. The IOM has launched a campaign to educate both migrants and doctors as to what their rights are, as both parties have been fed different stories by governments and are unaware of what their rights and obligations are.

Governments spend billions of dollars a year on making policies concerning migration laws and then approximately three years  later these laws are scrapped and replaced with new ones. Koser believes these funds would be better spent on policy evaluation. When discussing migration, civil society is excluded from official migration dialogues and the legitimacy of representation when one representative represents a thousand organization flounders as a list of three of four concise priorities are difficult to comprise. Private sector is also not involved in migration dialogue, even though they are often a driving force of migration.

Solutions for the models for global governance of migration should exhibit more formal cooperation between states, engage in more robust and regional global dialogues, consider cooperation between regional consultative processes, as well as institutional reform, which would include the creation of a new agency, designating a lead agency from the existing agencies bringing the IOM into the UN system, considering a leadership or WO model. The obstacles that lie within the global governance of migration is that this may impede on a nation’s sovereignty, cause institutional inertia, increase North vs South relations and exhibit a lack of consensus amongst advocates.

The statistic of refugees does not include asylum seekers, internally displaced peoples or stateless persons. In order to be a refugee, the ‘refugee’ must be recognized by the host nation. There are two different ways to determine refugee status. There is the individual procedure and examination and the collective determination of a population. Legally speaking, ‘asylum seeker’ refers to a person who has not been officially recognized as a refugee and the definition of a refugee is based on the well-founded fear of persecution.

The refugee problem was first addressed in May of 1945 in response to the Holocaust and World War II. Within this timeframe there were 40 million refugees and internally displaced people, 13 million expelled Jews, 11.3 million forced labourers and 100 million refugees beyond the parameters of Europe. UNHCR was created during 1949-1950, to replace the IRO that was founded in 1947, as of January 1951. UNHCR’s effectiveness is punted against its non-political mission, as helping those in need is seen by opposing sides as a political act. However, the UNHCR’s objective is not to ask how or why the refugee situation is caused, but rather how to provide basic services for refugees, such as food and shelter.

After the WWII refugees, the next group of refugees came from Hungary in 1956, where the UNHCR helped resettled 200,000 refugees in thirty countries and repatriated 10 percent of the refugees. The next largest UNHCR operations to date occurred in Bangladesh (1970-1971) and then followed by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Afghanistan is the single biggest refugee population in the world, being affected by the invasion of the Soviets, the Taliban rule, the “War on Terror,” as well as other internal conflicts. Interestingly enough, the United States of America is the single biggest donor to the UNHCR. Afghan refugees account for 40 percent of all the refugees in the world, not including Palestinian refugees. Proportionally Somalia has the biggest percentage of refugees and Colombia has the most IDPs, approximately three million. These IDPs receive aid from UNHCR although their legal status is less clear than that of refugees. Another group of people of concern to the UNHCR are settled refugees, who still have access to assistance programs.

The principle of non-refoulement is guaranteed by Article 33 of the Geneva Convention which states that a country cannot force people to go back to nation of persecution if they still feel a sense of persecution.

The right of asylum is not acknowledged as an individual right and falls under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 40: the right to seek and enjoy asylum. This however is not an obligation for a state to provide asylum.

In 1951 the UN convention relating to the status of refugees has contributed to providing durable solutions by the UNHCR to refugee situation including voluntary repatriation to the country of origin, local integration into the country of asylum and resettlement to a third country. However, the UNHCR has been shy about repatriation in the past and usually leaves it up to the IOM to handle repatriation as they are not a U.N. entity.

UNRWA- The United Nations Relief and Work Agency is short for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. Special attention should be given to the word ‘Palestine,’ as there were refugees who lived in Palestine but were not of Palestinian descent, including Turks, Armenians and other minority groups. UNRWA is the only U.N. organization set up to face a specific refugee problem for a specific group of people, with more than 30,000 employees. UNRWA has a budget of $700 million, as well as a $250 million emergency fund. The United Nations brought in Gordon Clapp,  the former Director of the Tennessee Valley Authority in the USA to help shape UNRWA. UNRWA is not responsible for finding a solution to the Palestine refugee problem, but rather they are to provide schooling and humanitarian aid to Palestine refugees, the longest standing refugee issue in modern history.

In concern with human security in world politics, the concept of a ‘traditional’ security of ‘national’ security erodes from the traditional concept of safeguarding the population and core values of a nation. The three main reasons why this concept erodes with time is due to a shift from interstate to intrastate wars, a fragmentation of global or common threats and fragile or failed states’ security threats that appear above and below the state level. 

In a survey in South Sudan, citizens were asked if they felt a sense of human security for the months to come. A majority of the surveyed said yes, but their definition of human security was equated with food security. This in mind, an interdisciplinary method is needed for human security. Human security catalysts are often economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community and political security factors. Environmental security is needed in cases where the well-being or survival of the community is being threated due to human activity that threatens the environment or in cases of environmental change or degradation caused by conflict.

Constructivism in a method for studying social phenomena that focuses on the role of ideas in shaping our identities and gives meaning to the world around us. Constructing security interests involves identifying the threats that weapons pose, the enemy and humanitarian intervention, keeping in mind that threats are a part of an ideological issue. Securitization on the other hand is when threats are socially constructed by powerful actors and accepted by a relevant audience and identification of an existential threat that takes an issue beyond the usual rules of policies and calls for urgent extreme or extra-legal measures to respond, for example: The war on terror or the war on drugs.

While new forms of multilateralism to address human security have been established, such as the Human Security Network, regional responses to human security and the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development have strengths such as their crossregional representation abilities, ministerial level initiatives and the taking on of cutting edge issues such as landmines and child soldiers, there are also weaknesses- they are too dependent on individual leadership, lack a consensus on issues of hierarchy and have bad timing and  weak follow through.

The objective of the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development is to raise global awareness of the negative impact of armed violence and support the reduction of armed violence. There are about 700,000 deaths annually due to armed violence with 40-50,000 as a result of direct conflict, homicides at 490,000 and 200,000 as a result of indirect conflict deaths. Excess mortality rates are used in these armed violence statistics. There are at least 875 billion weapons held worldwide with more than 2/3 in civilian hands, ¼ with armed forces, few with police and less than 1% with armed groups. New issues on the human security agenda tackle issues such as landmines, cluster munitions, small arms and light weapons, child soldiers, civilian protection and conflict goods.

What is humanitarian action? According to the OECD/DAC in 2007 is to save lives, alleviate suffering, maintain and protect human dignity during and in the aftermath of emergencies and should be consistent with principles of human dignity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. Humanitarian action is so relevant because it is easier to send money in contemporary times, it is foreign policy by default, media attention and it is a way to contain refugee issues.

To be a humanitarian is to have a transnational concern to help persons in exceptional distress while humanitarianisms propound loft goals and hide deep contradictions. Intervention on the other hand is the interference, forcible or supported by force, of one independent state in the internal affairs of the other.

There are for categories in categorizing humanitarianism. The first being the Dunantsists, who are strictly impartial, neutral and independent. Then there are the Wilsonians who are broadly tuned with foreign policy of their home country and have a liberal democratic peace agenda. Thirdly there are Faith Based, such as Islamic relief and fourthly there are the Solidarists who seek justice, human rights or development in addition to the objective of humanitarian assistance. There  is also a difference between development aid and humanitarian aid, as development aid is transformative, long term and utilizes local leadership and humanitarian aid has a conservative agenda, is short term and requires external intervention. There are five different action modes, three of which fall under the guise of protection: denunciation, mobilization and persuasion and the other two being support and substitution.

Actors of humanitarian intervention are those who have political interest and won’t refer to situations, such as Libya, as civil war. If it were to be referred to as a civil wall, humanitarian intervention crisis argument then collapses.

What is terrorism? Terrorism are a universal problem, social phenomenon, a strategy, a tactic, technique, crime, resorted to by the weak against the strong, psychological and physical weapons and are elusive in their goals. Terrorism has a long history starting with the Zealots in the year 60 AD with the Jews in Palestine against the Romans, then the Assassins in 1090-1270 in Persia and then the French Revolution in 1792-1794. However, modern terrorism is born in the 1860s by means of  an organic relationship between terrorism and technology, being triggered especially by World War I. And religious terrorism does not start until the1980s.

The initial terrorist mode is the destruction of the most harmful persons in government and the punishment of official lawlessness., but there are difficulties in defining terrorism because it is a disputed and nebulous concept, the definition must stay away from the avowed reasons of the terrorist, yet take them into account, the direct targets of violence aren’t necessarily the main targets and the problem at the crossroads of ideology. Hence, the US Army, FBI and Department of State do not have a standard, agreed upon definition of terrorism, in fact the United Nations have been meeting for 20-30 years concerning devising a standard definition. Despite the inability to define terrorism there are main agreed upon features of terrorist attacks: they are organized, deliberate and systematic, politically motivated, the usage of force, indiscriminately targeting of civilians, meant to communicate a problem, aimed at a symbol, conducted by state or non-state actors, part of a campaign and to achieve strategic direct or indirect results. 

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Would you ever consider living abroad?

Would you ever consider living abroad?

I have lived abroad. It’s always great to see how other people live. It’s the best way to experience culture, history, food and language.

Most of the place I’ve lived, I’ve lived there because i was taking a class, doing a semester abroad or doing research.

And here goes the list:

Amman

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Geneva

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Oxford

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Haifa

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West Bank

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Exeter

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And I can only hope to add to this list… Send me some positive travel vibes my Pistachios!

 

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Where would you want to retire to?

Where would you want to retire to?

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Two words: New Zealand

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I’m going to learn some Maori and make nice, retired friends and live a carefree retired, Kiwi life.

I’m going to watch Kiwi soaps, go swimming in pretty lakes and leave the world behind.

 

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Network 6000, Inc.

Dear Friend:

     Did you ever wonder what would happen if your electricity went off for weeks at a time, or maybe even permanently? Did you ever wonder what you would do if gasoline went to $5.00 per gallon or we ran out of gasoline completely? Unfortunately, the possibility of these things happening are becomming more and more likely. Needless to say, both of these situations will create very serious hardships in your life… no TV, no air conditioning, no electronics at all, no traveling, no groceries, no stoves, ovens, or microwaves, etc. As you think about how your life would change, let me tell you about a book that contains the solution to both problems – making electricity and making your own biodiesel fuel from used cooking oil or homegrown vegetable oil (along with several other alternative energy solutions like methane and passive solar). God forbid, if it does happen, how happy will you be that you prepared yourself ahead of time? Ever try to buy a generator just before or after a hurricane? It’s almost impossible! Right now, read all about this incredible book that will make a huge difference in your life…

Are you tired of outrageous gas and electric utility bills? Does your power go out often? Are you looking to install a backup emergency power system? If so, then this 115 page eBook entitled Electricity – Make it, Don’t Buy it will show you how to save 100’s and quite possibly 1000’s of dollars. The chapter on energy conservation alone will…

 pay for the price of the book in a few month’s time.

      How can you go wrong with that deal? If you know anything at all about this subject, then you probably understand that solar panels are way too expensive for the little amount of power that they put out. Same thing goes for wind and hydro systems. These options are only good for those who have deep pockets… which leaves out most of us. The best way to generate your own electricity is using a generator based system (preferably running on biodiesel). Hold onto your horses… don’t run out and buy any old generator and crank it up just yet. Your new book will tell you which generators are the most fuel efficient, generator sources that will save you 1000’s, and best of all, your book will show you how to set up your system for…

extracting maximum power while using minimum fuel

      That’s the secret to making your own electricity. You don’t want to slap a noisy generator in your back yard and run it 24 hours a day. That will not work in a million years! Your new book will show you how to select the proper generator, how to keep it quiet, and most importantly… how to get power 24 hours a day while running your generator only 1-2 hours a day.

The new Chevy Volt uses a power system similar to the one described in your new book as do most diesel locomotive engines which are actually driven by electric motors…

alternative energy
green power

(Note: The Chevy Volt is currently the most fuel efficient car sold in the United States today – Dec 2010)

     Don’t just take my word for it, listen to what Ken of Pure Energy Systems, Terry of Australia, and Sean of North Carolina have to say about the electricity book…
biodiesel

biodiesel

 

alternative energy

 

That’s not all… your new 115 page book is jam packed with only useful information and no fluff. Information like…

Page 7: All about renewable alternative energy and green energy… YES – a generator based system can be a green source of power. Just being more efficient than the utility makes your system more “green”, but utilizing Biodiesel and recovering waste heat (co-generating) make it many, many times more “green” than your local utility.

Page 8: How to size your new system to meet your needs. Everybody’s needs are different and the system described in your book is so flexible, you can install anything from a small emergency backup system to a full blown “off the grid” system and every level in between.

Pages 14-22: Description of the different system components and why one type is better than another type and where you can buy the components at the best prices. And we’re not talking about $20,000 systems like a roof full of solar panels would cost… we’re talking about $4000 to $5000 for a complete 5kw system to run a typical 3 bedroom home.

Page 23: This chapter is on Energy Conservation – I guarantee you are wasting a whole lot of power in your home. You’ll become well aware of this fact when you start generating your own power. This is a very important chapter and will pay for the cost of the book in 2-3 month’s time.

Page 28: Information on fuel cells, zinc/oxygen fuel cells, and the Stirling Engine. There is a Stirling engine based generator that is available now. Home fuel cells still have some kinks to be worked out, but show promise of a future source of home power.

Page 31: Would you like to sell excess power back to your electric company? It’s called “net metering” and you can read all about it in your new book. I’ll also show you where you can get specific information on your state’s requirements – including state grants available to help you pay for your new system.

Page 34: Free Energy? It may be here sooner than you think. Sure there are a lot of scams out there, but you will receive only information on systems and people I think are realistic and workable.

Page 38: Resources – this is where I show you where to go to get the best components at the best price. You could search for years and not find all these resources. Some sources are great places to find more information and others are businesses that will actually sell you components and give you advice on your new system.

How much is this gonna cost me?

      The price of the book is $29.95. I agree, that’s a lot of money, but if you look at what you are getting and how much of your hard earned money will be saved by utilizing the information in this book, it’s a great deal that you can’t afford to pass up. And don’t forget about our 50% commission affiliate program where you can make money by becomming a reseller of this eBook. For complete details, click on the “Affiliate Program” link at the top left or bottom of this page.  Just to make it worth your while though, I’m going to give you…

Full 60 Day Money Back Guarantee

If, for any reason, you are not satisfied with your purchase, just send the processor (Clickbank) an email and they will immediately refund your money. There is a link to do this at the bottom of your email receipt. It’s simple, easy, and fast.

three (3) additional bonus books
absolutely FREE with each purchase

Free Bonus 1: How to set up your own methane generating still. Did you know that methane is the same as natural gas? Did you know you can make it yourself from any organic material? You can use this free gas source to heat your home, heat water, cook with, etc, etc.

Free Bonus 2: Free Energy Notes – This is a compilation of all my best free energy information. It took me years to find all this information. Great information like…

 

  • Edward Leedskalnin: Builder of the Coral Castle. This guy has some very interesting ideas about electricity and magnetism. This is a must read for all free energy enthusiasts.
  • Nikola Tesla: No electricity book is complete without a full chapter on this very important man. He invented the AC generator and motor and hundreds of other inventions that you and I use every day. Your new book will contain much information on Tesla coils, Tesla turbines, Tesla’s FBI files, a list of patents and how to access them free at the US Patent Office web site, and many Tesla articles and interviews. And… an interesting “lost manuscript” of Tesla’s that is an absolute ‘must read’ for any Tesla fan.
  • Resonant Systems: I truly believe that when a practical “free energy” device is created, it will be a resonant device. Like pushing a little girl on a swing – little energy is needed to keep a resonant system going. This may be the secret to the elusive free energy device everybody seeks.
  • Magnetic Systems: This chapter is all about the fascinating subject of magnets. There have been many claims of self running magnetic motors, but none have been put into production yet. Read all about how these free energy devices work.
  • Nitinol: This is the shape memory metal. Your new book will teach you everything you need to know about this extraordinary metal. How it bends and then snaps back to it’s memorized shape upon heating. And how to make a Nitinol engine and where you can actually purchase Nitinol for your own experiments.
  • Biodiesel: This chapter tells you how to make your own Biodiesel fuel from used cooking oil that you can get for free. We also tell you about growing your own Jatropha trees for extracting vegetable oil. Why buy expensive polluting diesel fuel when you can burn cleaner Biodiesel for pennies per gallon? Don’t want to make Biodiesel?… Then just burn pure vegetable oil like Willie Nelson does in his motor coach. The eBook tells you how. (Note: keep reading to see how to get your FREE biodiesel book).

 

Free Bonus 3: Passive and Active Solar. As you probably have figured out by now, I am no big fan of overpriced, underpowered solar panels. I am, however, a huge fan of solar energy. This extremely valuable bonus will tell you how to make a solar oven and how to heat your home and your water using nothing but natural sunshine. And get this… I’ll even reveal to you how to COOL your home using solar techniques. That’s right, you heard me – I’m not crazy! Do you know what a cryophorous is? No? Then click this “Electricity Book” link this instant. Someone is going to take the ideas in this chapter and make a billion dollars – I wish I had the money to develop these ideas. I MUST be crazy because I am giving you this valuable information absolutely FREE!

Benefits of the eBook….

Standard Format – Adobe Acrobat Reader format (PDF file).

Speed – instant download of this 115 page eBook (15 min download on the slowest of connections).

More updated information – with a paper book, I would have to print 1000 at a time. Obviously I can’t update a paper version until I sell all the inventory I have on hand. With the eBook, I can make immediate changes and make them available to you the same day.

Live links – throughout the book, there are many, many references to external web pages that contain a wealth of information that you need to read. With the eBook, just click on the blue “hyperlink” and you will instantly go to that web page. With a paper book, you would have to type long URL’s into your browser. There are literally 100’s of these active hyperlinks in the book.

Bookmarks – The entire table of contents is “bookmarked” for your convenience. Just click on a chapter title and you immediately jump to that chapter. At the end of the chapter, you can jump back to the table of contents.

Color Pictures – There are many pictures and diagrams in the eBook that are in color.

These are testimonials from real customers…

Bill- “Thank you; I’m about halfway through all the material now, and it has met
and exceeded my expectations.  Of course, I’ll now have to do much more
research, but… At least I now know where to look. Thanks again!”  
Brian

“I have been selling and installing systems like you describe in your book for about 10 years now. You’re right… solar, wind, and hydro don’t give you much power for the cost. Other books go about it in a complicated way – your book describes how to figure a system’s size in a way that anybody can understand. Good job!”        Harold S., Bozeman, MT

…the book is quite nicely put together and is undoubtedly valuable to those who have no knowledge of these systems…”         Terrance K., Seattle, WA

“I thought your book was fantastic. I have a newspaper with 50,000 circulation… is it OK to put an ad in the newspaper to sell your book?”        Karen W., Las Vegas, NV

“My name is Stan. I received your letter. I like it. Enclosed is a money order for the book. If I want to buy more books, I can let you know. Have a great day!”      Stan Z., Cullman, AL

“Thanks a million for sending me order#525 of your very timely and important super book Electricity – Make it Don’t Buy it. Everyone, everywhere, Nationally and World Wide are having trouble getting enough electric power for even their basic everyday needs – even at any price – and the acute shortage and prices are skyrocketing every month… so everyone will suffer if they do not find a practical solution right away. The right positive answers are in your super book. So everyone including myself and my huge family want to get in on the ground floor…”      Ronald K., Las Vegas, NV

“Hi Bill, I ordered and received your book on electricity. It was extremely interesting… Thanks again for the book.”      Darl S., Stevensville, MT

“Dear Bill, I appreciate your speed in getting my book to me. I will be trying to find someone to help me with this electrical ‘set-up’. I lived in Idaho with an electrical engineer + all we had was a ‘set-up’ similar to this. He had worked for the R.R. and used old R.R. batteries. He’s dead now, but I’m sure I can find someone to help me.”      Sincerely, Dollybiodiesel picture N., TN

 

 

http://081e05jqhz4y8obglm158q6l9i.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=ELECTRICITY

Trip to Palestine – Summer 2016 Volunteer Opportunity posted by: Excellence Center for Education in Palestine Posted on: February 29, 2016

Trip to Palestine – Summer 2016

Volunteer Opportunity posted by: Excellence Center for Education in Palestine

Posted on: February 29, 2016

Volunteer Opportunity description

You are invited to join the Excellence Center for a Trip to Palestine 2016, Hebron, Palestine. The Excellence Center, centrally located in Hebron, is an English language school providing the best in English language opportunities for the local population.IMG_7747.jpg

The Trip to Palestine program is a cultural immersion for international persons seeking an experience that allows the participant to become a cultural ambassador for his/her home country, while experiencing and familiarizing him/herself with the daily life of Palestinians, and the region’s rich history. The Excellence Center will provide participants with an entertaining, enriching, and dynamic stay. Please click here to watch a short video “Trip to Palestine 2015”.life-in-Palestine.jpg

Program participants, led by Palestinian guides, will gain an authentic perspective of the West Bank. They will experience firsthand the many traditions, foods, and people of this vibrant land. Those interested in the political situation will have the opportunity to acquire firsthand impressions of the occupation.

The Trip to Palestine will provide internationals with opportunities to:

– Live in Hebron, and visit the Old City, holy sites, and the local refugee camps

– Learn spoken Arabic from native speakers, and opportunity to communicate with local persons.

– Travel to historic locations, and nearby cities including Jericho, Ramallah, and Bethlehem.

– Live with a local Palestinian family if desired.

– Visit Palestinian universities, and local institutions and organizations specializing in culture and education.

– Eat Palestinian foods.

– Attend cultural nights featuring entertainment, activities, and sports.

– Listen to distinguished persons discuss Palestinian heritage and history.IMG_7298.jpg

How to apply

Send an email requesting an application to:Rafat@excellencenter.org We will send you an application form. Please read the enclosed information and return the completed application to us at:Rafat@excellencenter.org.

For more information, please visit our website:http:excellencenter.org/

Excellence Center’s Facebook page:https:www.facebook.com/ExcellenceCenter

Excellence Center’s Facebook account:https:www.facebook.com/RafatECHebron

Watch us on Youtube:https:www.youtube.com/channel/UCsQSLdFZWZcBm6Uj0XMYuKg

Visit and Explore Palestine:https:www.facebook.com/ExplorePalestine

Location

Ein Sarah, Hebron, West Bank, 00972, Palestine

Details

Appropriate for
Groups
Families
Extra details
Fee required
International volunteer options
International volunteers welcome
Housing available
Language/cultural support available
Keywords
Owner’s areas of focus

Time Commitment

Duration
Less than 3 months
Time commitment
Full time (30-40 hours/week)
Times of day
Mornings
Afternoons
Days of week
Weekdays
Schedule
Fixed schedule

“action@38degrees.org.uk”

action@38degrees.org.uk

This morning, dozens of small children will be left out in the cold. French authorities are bulldozing half of the refugee camp in Calais. They’re destroying the makeshift church and the makeshift children’s centre. [1]

There are a few hundred children in the camp, and they’re in limbo. Lots of the kids have family in the UK, but it’s taking too long to reunite them with their families. [2] David Cameron could step in to make sure these children are protected – but unless he feels the pressure, he won’t. They’ll be left alone in the sprawling, freezing camp.

Benedict Cumberbatch, Jude Law and Sandi Toksvig have started an open letter to the Prime Minister asking him to step in and help. [3] They’re well known names. But there’s not many of them. The letter has about 140 names so far – but imagine if it got thousands more overnight. It would cause a media splash, and put David Cameron under the spotlight.

Please can you add your name to the open letter calling on Cameron to protect the refugee children facing bulldozers in Calais?

[if mso]> <v:rect xmlns:v=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml” xmlns:w=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word” href=”https://secure.38degrees.org.uk/refugee-open-letter&#8221; style=”height:50px;v-text-anchor:middle;width:300px;” stroke=”f” fillcolor=”#ff7a01″> <w:anchorlock/> <center> <![endif]ADD MY NAME[if mso]> </center> </v:rect> <![endif]

As the bulldozers move in, children living in the Calais refugee camp will be left to fend for themselves – children like Tom*. Tom lost all his family, his Mum, his Dad, in the conflict in Syria. He’s trying to be reunited with his only remaining brother – but he’s trapped in Calais. [4]

It’s freezing cold in the camp right now. And as the bulldozers roll in, children stuck a few miles from our shores are in need of help. The open letter to David Cameron calls for three things:

  1. To speed up reuniting children stuck in Calais and Dunkirk with their families in the UK
  2. Make sure that kids who don’t have family in the UK are looked after properly by the French authorities and given somewhere to live in France.
  3. To stop the bulldozers until all children are either given a safe place to live in France or reunited with their family in the UK.

[if mso]> <v:rect xmlns:v=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml” xmlns:w=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word” href=”https://secure.38degrees.org.uk/refugee-open-letter&#8221; style=”height:50px;v-text-anchor:middle;width:300px;” stroke=”f” fillcolor=”#ff7a01″> <w:anchorlock/> <center> <![endif]ADD MY NAME[if mso]> </center> </v:rect> <![endif]

38 Degrees members are working tirelessly from Penzance to Perth to make sure our communities are ready to welcome these families fleeing war. We’ve pushed dozens of councils to promise to resettle hundreds of people. [5]

And together we launched the National Refugees Welcome board to make sure that as soon as refugees arrive here, they’ve got somewhere to stay and the essentials are ready for them. [6] Let’s be there again for the children trapped just a few miles from their families in the UK. Please add your name to the open letter?

[if mso]> <v:rect xmlns:v=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml” xmlns:w=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word” href=”https://secure.38degrees.org.uk/refugee-open-letter&#8221; style=”height:50px;v-text-anchor:middle;width:300px;” stroke=”f” fillcolor=”#ff7a01″> <w:anchorlock/> <center> <![endif]ADD MY NAME[if mso]> </center> </v:rect> <![endif]

Thanks for being involved,

Nat, Laura and the 38 Degrees team

[1] The Guardian: France prepares to bulldoze half of Jungle migrant camp:

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/12/half-jungle-camp-calais-bulldozed-migrants-moved

The Independent: Young Calais refugees face having their houses demolished:

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/refugee-crisis-young-calais-refugees-face-having-their-houses-demolished-a6880051.html

[2] Amnesty International UK: Refugees and migrants in Calais and Dunkirk with relatives in UK must be reunited in Britain:

https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/refugees-and-migrants-calais-and-dunkirk-relatives-uk-must-be-reunited-britain

[3] The Mirror: Celebrities urge David Cameron to save Calais Jungle children and reunite them with families in UK:

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/celebrities-urge-david-cameron-save-7396503

The Guardian: British writers and actors urge David Cameron to rescue refugee children:

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/18/british-writers-actors-david-cameron-rescue-refugee-children

[4] Tom* is an unaccompanied minor currently trapped in Calais. His story was recorded by Citizens UK. He’s just one of around 300 children stuck in Calais trying to be reunited with family in the UK. *Name changed to protect his identity.

[5] Public Sector News: All 22 Welsh local authorities to take in Syrian Refugees:

http://www.publicsectorexecutive.com/Public-Sector-News/all-22-welsh-local-authorities-to-take-in-syrian-refugees?dorewrite=false

BBC News: Ashford Council Agrees to take in 250 refugees:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-kent-34480728

[6] 38 Degrees blog: Refugees thank you:

https://home.38degrees.org.uk/2015/09/16/refugees-thank-you/

38 Degrees is funded by donations from thousands of members across the UK. Making a regular donation will mean 38 Degrees can stay independent and plan for future campaigns. Please will you chip in a few pounds a week?

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