Getting Started In Hydroponics: Expert Tips, Plans & Secrets

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HYDROPONICS HOW TO

If you’ve got 5 minutes
a day, you can have juicy tomatoes the size
of softballs…
without weeding!
girl holding hydroponic tomatoes

You’ve heard how fast plants grow in a hydroponics system. You’ve heard about the huge harvests. Once you have it set up you will only need to spend a small amount of time per day monitoring the plants.

Discover shortcuts that will help you build a hydroponics setup quickly and easily… and cheaply.

Hydroponics is NOT complicated once you understand how to get started. There are five types of hydroponics systems, and this ebook will show you why matching the right system to your situation can save you a lot of frustration.

   What’s the difference between hydroponics
and an ordinary garden?

“Hydroponics how to”
Plants grown in hydroponics have their roots in a clean neutral media such as clay balls or perlite, instead of dirt. A nutrient solution is circulated to the roots via a pump or wick action.

The plants don’t have to waste energy developing a large root system because the food is delivered right to the roots. Since it no longer has to search for its food, the plant’s growth and energy are redirected to lush foliage and abundant flowers and fruit.

mixed lettuces, day 9
lettuce, day 14
hydroponic lettuce, day 23
Mixed lettuces,
Day 9
Day 14 Day 23


My name is Stella. I have 13 years experience with hydroponics, and a little later I will explain my bizarre introduction to this easy way to grow plants. But first…

If you are thinking about getting involved with hydroponics you need to answer these three questions:

1. How are you going to build it?

2. Is there going to be enough space and light?

3. How are you going to maintain it?

 

   Hydroponics How To:
Choosing the right system is the 1st step

combination hydroponics system


Before you start gluing pipe together shouldn’t you decide which system is best for you?

This e-book will take you on a journey, almost like going down a garden path, and help match the right system to your situation.

 


In this comprehensive gardening e-book, you’ll discover…
getting started in hydroponics e-book
  • The quickest, easiest hydroponics system to build. You can get started in hours rather than days and the system is built from common materials so you can save money.
  • 5 ways you can get started in hydroponics on a pauper’s budget. You don’t have to get the most complex system to get incredible results. There are 2 plans that can be built out of common materials you may already have. You can get the rest at Home Depot.
beans taking over Hydro system
  • Which crops to grow and which to stay away from. You can grow just about anything with hydroponics, but some plants will take over, stealing light and space from smaller plants. Here you’ll learn which plants are the smartest, easiest… and tastiest.
  • A Forbidden Hideaway. The last chapter in the book shows you how to create a space in your home to grow plants that nobody will know about. To the outside world you are an ordinary neighbor. But inside “the Grow Box” a different world exists that makes plants grow like crazy.*And don’t miss the bonus secret to supercharging your grow box with CO2.

     

Reach for the light!

   Hydroponics How To:
So what’s the big deal about lighting?

Give your plants the right amount of space and light and they will grow right before your eyes.
HID lamp necessary for hydroponics

Obviously, you know that plants need light to thrive, but don’t you want a lighting system that will fit your situation and fit your budget? There are a number of different ways to get the right amount of light to your plants.

This e-book will show you where the deals are and also what to watch out for. Lighting can be the single greatest expense… and a critical component.

hydroponics thrive under HID lamp
  • Too broke to buy lights? How to get around this roadblock. Hydroponic systems do better in a temperature controlled environment, but there is a way to use hydroponics on the patio- if you will obey this one cardinal rule.
  • The crazy way to get full spectrum lighting. Not only will you save money but your plants will have the closest thing to the sun. Your plants will think the house they live in is actually the Imperial Valley. You will get unbelievable yields- at a fraction of the price.
  • Plants are all the same and have the same requirements. Right? Wrong! If you are only growing lettuce, you may not even need artificial lighting.On the other hand, if you want to grow tomatoes or anything that is going to have flowering buds, then you must provide the necessary amount of light and nutrients so the plants will have plenty of buds or fruit.
lettuce lightbulb

  Hydroponics How To:
I’m a little lazy… how much work is involved?

 

Certainly you knew you would have to do something to keep the plants going. If there were shortcuts that would make maintenance so much easier, would you use them? There are two main things to monitor to ensure a huge harvest.

hydroponic maintenance

Our “Hydroponics how to”
insider secrets include…

ugly bug
  • What you must do to avoid getting eaten alive! Believe it or not, bugs can wreak havoc, even in a spare bedroom. Chapter 14 shows you the easiest methods for keeping them away from your crops.
  • Why organic fertilizers can stunt plant growth. Doesn’t make sense, does it? The trouble with organic fertilizers is they can be wildly inconsistent. If you are eager to use organic, wait till you are a little more experienced. The book will tell you the most potent fertilizer to buy… and where to get it.
beautiful lettuce raft
  • How you can pack “extra wallop” into a lettuce growing season by using hydroponics. Once you learn this trick your family will never be late for dinner again. Chapter 5 has tips to keep the veggies coming one after another, month after month.
  • The magic numbers. Plants will grow best when the temperature is between 65°-78°. If you can keep your plants in this zone, you will have a mind-blowing bounty you can share with friends. The book shows you where heat comes from- and how to get rid of it.


Do you remember your first garden?

Remember how hopeful you were? You prepared the ground, planted the seed, maybe put on a little fertilizer. After a few days the little sprout popped up out of the ground.

What a thrill!

sprouting seed

This ebook is like a seed. It is a different kind of seed. Instead of a tiny speck, it is a plan.

The first step to a hydroponic setup is getting
the know-how and a good set of plans.

By getting this book you will be planting a seed. And enjoying a bountiful harvest.

   Hydroponics How To:
Here’s what you’ll get in this giant e-book:

  • The entire original Hydroponics-Simplified website in PDF form
  • Complete plans for 5 hydroponic mini gardens
  • Detailed instructions for the 5 most user-friendly yet prolific full-sized hydroponics systems we know
  • How to build our original Growbox-Bubbler Unit combo
  • Bonuses, including maintenance schedules, mixing chart, CO2 supplementation, equipment lists and resources- Read all about the cool bonuses at the end of the page.
Getting Started  In Hydroponics


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

1.    Introduction……………………………………3

2.    What is Hydroponics………………………6

   Knowledge is power!

3.    Advantages & Disadvantages…………8

4.    What to grow…………………………………14

5.    Climate requirements……………………24

6.    4 Simple Systems……………………………41

This chapter will get you started fast… and cheaply

7.    Mini Farms………………………………………44

8.    U-Build-It (Full-scale farms)…………52

If you want huge yields..these farms can deliver

9.    Growing Media………………………………57

10.   Hydroponic Solution………………………63

11.   Lighting…………………………………………72

12.   Seeds & Seedlings…………………………80

13.   Plants & Produce……………………………86

14.   Pests & Plagues………………………………94

15.   Troubleshooting ……………………………109

16.   Cheap Supplies/ Contact Us…………114

This chapter will pay for the ebook many times over

17.   MINI FARM PLANS……………………… 115

18.   FULL SIZE PLANS………………………170

19.   GROW BOX & BUBBLER UNIT ………263

    Put this hydroponic farm in a closet!

 

 

“Grab Your Copy Now!”

http://72a8cbjwi2fkak67v9snmshd-g.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=HYDRO

The Big Book Of Home Remedies (view mobile)

The Big Book Of Home Remedies Is The Ultimate Ebook Of Home Remedies And Natural Cures For An A To Z Index Of Over One Hundred Common Health Conditions
Click Here!

A Fit and Healthy Life the Natural Way

“The Big Book of Home Remedies”

 

A Complete A-Z Guide with nearly 2000 Homemade Natural

Remedies for your Ailments Now and the Future!

 

 

HomeRemediesBigBookTransparentBackground

 

Common Ailments

Asthma: Page 22

Pink Eye: Page 90

Hair Growth: Page 107

Urinary Infection: Page 237

Sore Throat: Page 221

Hyper Tension: Page 124

This is an encyclopedia of Natural Homemade Remedies. You can get on track to a healthier fulfilling life regardless of any little illness and do so naturally. Natural homemade health remedies are exactly what they state, natural remedies to make you feel better. Apart from leaving you feeling healthier and fitter, they are cheaper than a Doctor’s fee.

 

 

 

Here is…

 

The Big Book of Home Remedies

 

with nearly 2000 Homemade Natural Remedies

for your ailments now and for the future!

 

Natural homemade health remedies are exactly what they state,

natural remedies to make you feel better. Apart from leaving you

feeling healthier and fitter, they are cheaper than a Doctor’s fee.

 

 

So here is what is in the book…

 

-Nearly 2000 Natural Health Remedies.

-A-Z of Conditions covered for nearly every

single ailment you could think of.

-Every condition comes with a natural solution.

-Images to match your condition.

-Remedies to match and cure your condition.

-And just for good measure, I have given you some over

the counter remedies. Just for the sake of fairness.

 

This is an encyclopedia of Natural Homemade Remedies and will allow

you to swiftly get back to full fitness in light of any little illness and

do so the natural, quick way without synthetic pain

killers or anything that disables your day.

 

 

Why Natural Remedies?

 

 

That question can be asked all day long by people who want to put their

faith in the pharmaceutical industry. But the truth is, even health care

professionals trust Natural Remedies.

 

If you’re skeptical let’s look at the

facts on Natural Remedies…

 

-Natural Remedies have been the main medicine in China

for over 2500 years, take a look at Acupuncture.

-25% of prescribed drugs contain natural remedies in the USA.

-In Germany a third of Medical Doctors have studied natural drugs.

-Natural remedies are FDA approved otherwise they would not

be able to be sold across the USA or worldwide for that matter.

 

Natural Remedies are not something that which is a quirk or a trend,

they are sincerely part of the healthcare process. They are simply

not full of unnatural chemicals that may alter your body.

Know What You Have and How To Cure It In Seconds!

Speculating about a sickness, ailments or even just the symptoms

can be hard work…guess work. But, with

 

 

The Big Book of Home Remedies

 

 

You have the opportunity to find out straight

away what you have and how to deal with it!

 

“The Big Book of Home Remedies” explains to you over 100

illnesses in depth and tells you more importantly how you

could start to feel healthy again with remedies in

Natural Health that are unique but proven.

 

Just Think…

 

Recognize when you are ill without any expense of going back and

forth from the Doctor’s. Have information at your fingertips which

will help you operate all day every day to the

benefit of your job, children and family.

 

-You will be able to find a natural healthy proven remedy.

-You will know which remedy will cure you quickly.

-You will not be full of chemicals that slow you down.

-You will not be full of feeling of numbness or other side-effects

that prescribed drugs often give you.

 

Having an A-Z of Natural Health remedies that even tells you

or confirms your illness and symptoms will only allow

you to recover quickly and sooner.

 

All this for just…

 

$9.95

 

Wait… If you Buy The eBook You Get The Following Bonus…

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Vertical Jump Training

Click Here!

 

Why is the Vert Shock program so special and why will it work for you? Glad you asked…

Okay, so you’ve probably heard about the difference between fast and slow twitch muscle fibers, and that the key to a crazy-high vertical jump is to train your fast twitch fibers.

This is all true.

However, there is a little-known subset of your fast twitch fibers called Type II B fibers. These little guys contract DAMN fast and are one of the keys to creating your new, explosive jumps.

So instead of increasing your jump through overtraining like most jump training programs do (this not only doesn’t work but also causes serious injuries like patellar tendonitis), we use breakthrough exercises to laser-target these ‘super fibers’, exponentially increasing the inches you add to your jump each and every week with less work.

Vert Shock Is Safe

Vert Shock uses targeted explosive plyometric training to shock the central nervous system of the body into jumping higher. There are no heavy weight lifting exercises and it will not stunt your growth. Vert Shock is safe for all ages and experience levels.

You might have heard of Pareto’s Principle, or the 80-20 rule, right? Well that’s exactly what this program is all about. Sure it’s important to work hard, but when it comes to your vertical, you HAVE to work smart too!

This Cuts Down Training Time, Reduces The Risk Of Injury, But More Importantly – Makes You Jump A HECK Of A Lot Higher.

This program is the result of decades of hard-won secrets that Justin and I have spent countless years, energy and money tracking down, meticulously testing, using in our game and teaching to other people.

We have tried every program on the market, hunted down vert jump geniuses for their wisdom, read hundreds of research papers, tried supplements, tested diets and even those shoe scams in the hopes of increasing our vertical jumps by even a single inch.

It was a painful, time-consuming, frustrating, and very expensive process to put it mildly but there’s no doubt we now have the precise formula you need to increase your vertical jump.

This Program Is The ‘Everything-Included’ Solution To Get You Jumping Higher Than You Ever Dreamed Possible.

You won’t need to buy anything else, or even use your brain much. You literally just have to follow the program step-by-step and the results will come.

That’s how it’s designed.

Everything is available online for you to use day or night, 24/7 any day of the year for the rest of your life. You will get instant access to all the videos, checklists, and PDF’s so you can get started immediately with no extra equipment, stuff to buy, too much material to read or any technical junk to wade through.

You just jump in and you’re ready to go. It’s that easy.

Too Good To Be True?
Is This Another Jump Program Scam
That Delivers Minimal Results?

No. And here’s why…

Old vertical jump programs of the past use methods like “Habitual Jump Training”. The concept behind this (without all the scientific lingo) is making you jump 1000 times a workout and hoping this improves your bodies ability to recruit and communicate with your jumping muscles better.

The problem with these methods are they make you train your SUB-MAXIMAL jump height over and over again. This means that you are not jumping your highest at any point in the workout nor are you training max jump height…

With Vert Shock we drastically reduce the number of jumps per workout so that you are able to jump your highest on each rep. This trains your MAXIMUM JUMP HEIGHT and will drastically increase it. It also means that the workouts are shorter and easier and provide lightning fast results.

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Get involved with Israeli Apartheid Week

mail@bdsnationalcommittee.org

Want to support Palestinian freedom, justice and equality?

Join #IsraeliApartheidWeek 2016

Each year, Israeli Apartheid Week (IAW) takes place in more than 150 universities and cities across the world. With creative education and action, IAW aims to raise awareness about Israel’s regime of occupation, settler-colonialism and apartheid over the Palestinian people and build support for the nonviolent Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.

In response to the impressive growth of BDS in the last few years, Israel and its right-wing allies in the west have launched repressive, anti-democratic attacks on the movement and the right to boycott, instead of fulfilling their obligations to end Israel’s violations of international law. This makes this year’s #IsraeliApartheidWeek more crucial than ever.

Support Palestinian popular resistance to oppression–join IAW 2016.

Check out apartheidweek.org and #IsraeliApartheidWeek to find out what’s happening in your area. More events in different cities are being added all the time, so do check back if there’s nothing in your city listed yet. 

Want to organise #IsraeliApartheidWeek events on your campus or in your city? Register your organisation here and you’ll receive an info pack full of ideas about how to organise #IsraeliApartheidWeek.

Dates:
UK: February 22-28
Europe: February 29-March 7
Palestine: March 1-10
South Africa: March 7-13
Arab World: March 20-26
US: various, including March 27-April 3
Latin America: April 10-24
Canada: various throughout March, check with local organisers

FACT SHEET: White House Announces Commitments to the American Business Act on Climate Pledge

THE WHITE HOUSE

Office of the Press Secretary

FOR PLANNING PURPOSES ONLY

October 19, 2015

 

FACT SHEET: White House Announces Commitments to the American Business Act on Climate Pledge

 

Today, the White House will announce new commitments from companies from across the American economy who are joining the American Business Act on Climate Pledge. With this announcement, 81 companies will have signed the American Business Act on Climate Pledge to demonstrate their support for action on climate change and the conclusion of a climate change agreement in Paris that takes a strong step forward toward a low-carbon, sustainable future.  These 81 companies have operations in all 50 states, employ over 9 million people, represent more than $3 trillion in annual revenue, and have a combined market capitalization of over $5 trillion.

 

By signing the American Business Act on Climate pledge, these companies are:

 

·         Voicing support for a strong Paris outcome. The pledge recognizes those countries that have already put forward climate targets, and voices support for a strong outcome in the Paris climate negotiations.

 

·         Demonstrating an ongoing commitment to climate action. As part of this initiative, each company is announcing significant pledges to reduce their emissions, increase low-carbon investments, deploy more clean energy, and take other actions to build more sustainable businesses and tackle climate change.

 

These pledges include ambitious, company-specific goals such as:

 

o   Reducing emissions by as much as 50 percent,

o   Reducing water usage by as much as 80 percent,

o   Achieving zero waste-to-landfill,

o   Purchasing 100 percent renewable energy, and

o   Pursuing zero net deforestation in supply chains.

 

·         Setting an example for their peers. Today’s announcements builds on the launch of the American Business Act on Climate Pledge in July. This fall, the Obama Administration will release a third round of pledges, with a goal of mobilizing many more companies to join the American Business Act on Climate Pledge.

 

The impacts of climate change are already being felt worldwide. Nineteen of the 20 hottest years on record occurred in the past two decades. Countries and communities around the world are already being affected by deeper, more persistent droughts, pounded by more severe weather, inundated by bigger storm surges, and imperiled by more frequent and dangerous wildfires. Rising temperatures can lead to more smog, longer allergy seasons, and an increased incidence of extreme-weather-related injuries, all of which imperil public health, particularly for vulnerable populations like children, the elderly, the sick, the poor, and some communities of color. No corner of the planet and no sector of the global economy will remain unaffected by climate change in the years ahead.

 

Climate change is a global challenge that demands a global response, and President Obama is committed to leading the fight. The President’s Climate Action Plan, when fully implemented, will cut nearly 6 billion tons of carbon pollution through 2030, an amount equivalent to taking all the cars in the United States off the road for more than 4 years. The Clean Power Plan, the most significant domestic step any President has ever taken to combat climate change, will reduce emissions from the energy sector by 32% by 2030. And while the United States is leading on the international stage and the federal government is doing its part to combat climate change, hundreds of private companies, local governments, and foundations have stepped up to increase energy efficiency, boost low-carbon investing, and make solar energy more accessible to low-income Americans.

 

The measures taken by the public and private sectors enabled President Obama to set an ambitious but achievable goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions economy-wide by 26-28% by 2025 last November. And in the eleven months since, we’ve seen unprecedented global momentum in the fight against climate change.

 

To date, 150 countries representing more than 85% of global carbon emissions have reported post-2020 climate policies to the United Nations. This includes the major economies like the U.S., China, the European Union and India and it includes a large number of smaller economies, developing nations, island states and tropical countries – some of whom are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

 

But these submissions are only the beginning of achieving a successful outcome in Paris this December that puts in place a transparent global framework for increasing ambition over time and continuing to drive down emissions over the course of this century. As the world looks toward Paris, President Obama is committed to building on this momentum, with American leadership at all levels – the federal government, state and local governments and the private sector.

 

Clean Energy Investment

 

Additionally, leading up to the White House Clean Energy Investment Summit on June 16, 2015, an independent consortium of long-term investors (“LTIs”), including sovereign development funds, pension funds, endowments, family offices, and foundations, committed to building a new investment intermediary that will identify, screen, and assess high-potential companies and projects for commercial investment that could also produce impactful and profitable solutions to climate change.

 

Today, this consortium will announce its founding CEO, interim board of directors, sponsors, and confirms the intention of the LTIs to deploy at least $1.2 billion of investment capital through an ‘aligned intermediary’, which they anticipate will be formally launched and branded in mid-2016.

 

The initial group of LTIs announcing financial commitments to work with the ‘aligned intermediary’ includes:

 

       $500 million from University of California’s Office of the Chief Investment Officer;

       $350 million from the New Zealand Superannuation Fund;

       $200 million from the Alaska Permanent Fund;

       $100 million from TIAA-CREF; and

       $10 million from Tamarisc.

 

The effort launches with research support from the Hewlett Foundation, ClimateWorks Foundation, and Planet Heritage Foundation, and a commitment of further operational support, pending final approval, from the MacArthur Foundation.

 

As President Obama said at the U.N. Climate Summit last September, “There’s one issue that will define the contours of this century more dramatically than any other, and that is the urgent and growing threat of a changing climate.” The American Business Act on Climate Pledge shows that the U.S. private sector, with its history of innovation and ingenuity, is committed to stepping up and doing its part in taking on this global challenge.  

 

*           *           *

 

THE AMERICAN BUSINESS ACT ON CLIMATE PLEDGE

 

We applaud the growing number of countries that have already set ambitious targets for climate action. In this context, we support the conclusion of a climate change agreement in Paris that takes a strong step forward toward a low-carbon, sustainable future.

 

We recognize that delaying action on climate change will be costly in economic and human terms, while accelerating the transition to a low-carbon economy will produce multiple benefits with regard to sustainable economic growth, public health, resilience to natural disasters, and the health of the global environment. 

 

The following companies have joined the pledge and their detailed commitments can be viewed at:  www.whitehouse.gov/ClimatePledge

 

ABENGOA BIOENERGY US

AEMETIS

ALCOA

AMERICAN EXPRESS

APPLE

AT&T

AUTODESK

BANK OF AMERICA

BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY ENERGY

BEST BUY

BIOGEN

BLOOMBERG

CARGILL

CA TECHNOLOGIES

CALPINE

CAMPOS BROTHERS FARMS

COCA-COLA

COX ENTERPRISES

DELL

DSM NORTH AMERICA

EMC

ENERGY OPTIMIZERS

ENER-G RUDOX

FACEBOOK

FULCRUM BIOENERGY

GE

GENERAL MILLS

GENERAL MOTORS

GOLDMAN SACHS

GOOGLE

HERSHEY’S

HEWLETT PACKARD (HP)

IBERDROLA USA

IBM

IKEA USA

INGERSOLL RAND

INTERNATIONAL PAPER

INTEL

INTREN

INTEX SOLUTIONS, INC.

INVENERGY

JOHNSON AND JOHNSON

JOHNSON CONTROLS

KELLOGG’S

KEYSTONE ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURING

KINGSPAN INSULATED PANELS, INC.

LAKESHORE LEARNING MATERIALS

LAM RESEARCH

LEVI STRAUSS & CO.

L’OREAL USA

MARS

McDONALD’S CORPORATION

MICROSOFT

MONSANTO

NATONAL LABEL COMPANY

NIKE

NESTLÈ

NOVOZYMES

ONE3LED

PACIFIC ETHANOL

PEPSI-CO

PG&E

POET

PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC

PwC US

PROCTER & GAMBLE

QUALCOMM

RICOH USA

SALESFORCE

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC

SIEMENS CORPORATION

SONY CORPORATION OF AMERICA

STARBUCKS

SYNGENTA/QCCP

TARGET

TRI-GLOBAL ENERGY

UNILEVER

UPS

WALMART

THE WALT DISNEY COMPANY

XEROX CORPORATION

 

###

—–

REMARKS: Secretary of State John Kerry Secretary of State John Kerry and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change Michael Bloomberg At Our Cities, Our Climate: A Bloomberg Philanthropies-U.S. Department of State Partnership

 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Office of the Spokesperson

For Immediate Release

 REMARKS

Secretary of State John Kerry Secretary of State John Kerry

And UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change Michael Bloomberg

At Our Cities, Our Climate: A Bloomberg Philanthropies-U.S. Department of State Partnership Working Luncheon 

Washington, D.C.

October 8, 2015

ASSISTANT SECRETARY RYAN:  Thank you.  It is with great pleasure that I welcome you to the State Department today in honor of Our Cities, Our Climate – an initiative between the State Department and Bloomberg Philanthropies.

We are here to recognize and honor global city leadership on a topic of great importance – climate change.  At the State Department, this is at the top of our agenda, and we are thrilled to partner with Michael Bloomberg and Bloomberg Philanthropies, who share these goals and have consistently been on the vanguard of this issue.

At the center of the State Department’s public diplomacy is the mission to connect the United States with the world to foster creative and powerful networks of citizens around the world to build common understanding.  As we look to climate change and the significant steps needed to address this challenge, the opportunity to bring a global cohort to the United States to discuss these issues was invaluable. 

It is an honor to have mayors from the United States and around the world with us here today.  Will all the mayors in the room please stand to be recognized?  (Applause.)  You are all champions of climate action.  Thank you for your critical work.  We are also pleased to have 19 sustainability directors from 18 countries that have just traveled on an exchange program to San Francisco, Boston, and now Washington, D.C.  The sustainability directors had the opportunity to see some of the best innovation in the United States and discuss how U.S. cities are overcoming hurdles to address significant problems that contribute to environmental damage.

Bringing mayors and city leaders together, our goal is to showcase the ways in which national governments, corporations, and cities around the world can and are working together to make an impact. 

Thank you all for joining us.  It is my honor to introduce our two keynote speakers, Secretary of State John Kerry, and Michael Bloomberg.  As UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change, Michael Bloomberg has been a leading voice on the value of cities in executing cutting-edge changes that improve everyday lives and our environment.  His immense expertise, vision, and passion have put city leadership at the forefront of innovation.  We are grateful for his partnership on this initiative.

At the State Department, we are proud to have Secretary Kerry as our champion on climate change issues.  Secretary Kerry has elevated this critical issue.  He has made climate change a critical part of U.S. foreign policy and a key component of our bilateral relationships around the world.  His level of engagement on this issue is unprecedented at the State Department.  And it’s not a new issue for him.  He brings with him an almost 30-year commitment to fighting climate change.  He has been focused on this issue since it first became a public issue and was involved in convening some of the first hearings on climate change in the Senate.

He was present at the first UN Conference of Parties on Climate Change in Rio in 1992, and has been at nearly every major gathering on climate change that has taken place since.  He’s on the frontlines and his leadership in this battle is the inspiration for this program, Our Cities, Our Climate[1].  We are so honored to have him here with us today.  Ladies and gentlemen, please welcome Secretary of State John Kerry.  (Applause.)

SECRETARY KERRY:  Evan, thank you very, very much.  Welcome, everybody, to the Ben Franklin Room.  Welcome to the State Department.  Distinguished colleagues and members of the diplomatic corps, partners in the U.S. Congress, mayors especially, we are really thrilled to have you here today.  International U.S. mayors, we’re really grateful for your leadership.  All the sustainability directors, thank you for being here, and other officials who are working hard to fight the effects of climate change around the world and also to address the challenge of climate change.

I particularly want to thank the fellow standing behind me to my right – your left.  He is passionate about this issue.  He has been for a long period of time.  And when he had the privilege of being the mayor of New York City, one of the great cities of the world, obviously, he took steps – creative and imaginative, important steps – to address this issue, and is continuing on now as the UN Special Envoy for Climate Change and Cities.  And I want you all to join me not only in saying thank you but welcoming Mike Bloomberg here to the State Department.  (Applause.) 

When he was mayor, he implemented policies that helped to cut New York’s emissions by 20 percent.  And he understands that climate change is a policy challenge, really in many ways unlike many or any that we have faced before as either individual cities or as a community of nations.  And he has long approached the global challenge with the sense of urgency for the responsibility that it demands from all of us.  And I am very grateful to him for his partnership in this endeavor. 

Decades ago, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis famously referred to our states as “laboratories of democracy.”  Today, more and more of our cities are becoming “laboratories of leadership.”  Most city governments are smaller; they’re more nimble than their federal counterparts.  So city leaders are, frankly, uniquely positioned to experiment with bold new ideas in all kinds of policy areas.

And at the State Department, we understand the very valuable role that cities can play in addressing a wide range of challenges.  And that is why we’re working directly with cities like Detroit, which is opening up its first-ever Mayor’s Office of International Affairs.  And it’s why this week we are launching a long-term Cities@State initiative to enhance our coordination with cities in the space where foreign policy and urbanization meet on issues ranging from economic opportunity to security.

But cities have a particularly critical role to play when it comes to climate change.  And I have said many times as Secretary, beginning with the day of my nomination and into my confirmation hearings, that foreign policy is economic policy and economic policy is foreign policy.  And in today’s world, climate change is economic policy – energy policy above all.  And it presents us with the most extraordinary market we have ever known on the face of this planet to be able to grow jobs, modernize our societies and our opportunities, and just embrace this challenge in a way that actually solves the problem while being – doing good at the same time. 

And the reason for that is simple:  Cities are obviously on the front line of the storm that is coming at us.  Consider that already – for the first time in history – more people are living in urban areas than are living in rural areas.  By 2050, a full two-thirds of the world’s population is going to live in cities, and that is a steadily growing population. 

Now, consider that nine in ten major cities are situated along inland or coastal waterways, making them particularly vulnerable to climate-driven sea level rise and violent storm surges.

And just last week, I saw a study projecting that by the end of this century what we used to consider the kind of flood that would hit New York City once every 500 years could now be expected every 25 years.  And for New Yorkers like Mike, who remember well what Hurricane Sandy did to that city, that prospect is obviously devastating. 

Just a small factoid but not an unimportant one:  If you’re 29 years old in America today, you have never lived with a month that was cooler than the average of all the months of the century preceding.  That’s what’s happening.  Every year we hear that that year was hotter than the year preceding, and we see the effects.  And the bad news is that cities will be particularly hit if we don’t take meaningful action to fight climate change.  The good news is – and there is good news – that the steps that cities themselves take in the coming years can actually tip the scale toward a successful global response to this challenge.

And here is why.  The answer to climate change is not a mystery.  It’s not some pie-in-the-sky policy that we haven’t discovered yet.  It is staring us in the face, folks.  It’s called clean energy.  It is that simple.  And we’re simply not going to get where we need to be unless we move rapidly towards a global, low-carbon, clean energy economy. 

And today, the world’s cities account for more than two-thirds of all global energy use.  That’s one of the reasons why cities are important.  Cities are responsible for 70 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.  And if we change the way we power our cities, then we will change the way we power our world and, in the process, we may well save it. 

The United States and China – two of the world’s largest emitters, number one and number two – we used to be number one; now we’re number two.  China has surpassed us.  And we fully understand this, which is why, in the early days of my stewardship here at the Department, I went to China and we began the process of changing our relationship, and President Obama ultimately was able to negotiate an agreement with China geared specifically to bring the less developed world to the table.  And that’s what we’re doing, so that we hopefully head into Paris in December able to achieve a global agreement that can help to send a signal to the marketplace that the world is serious.

That’s also why we came together for the inaugural U.S.-China Climate Leaders’ Summit in Los Angeles last month.  More than two dozen cities, states, provinces, and counties from our two nations signed the U.S-China Climate Leaders Declaration.  And the signatories committed themselves to establish ambitious targets to cut emissions, and also to establish climate action plans so that we could report regularly on the progress that we’re making.

And that event showed how influential change that originates at the local level can be.  Consider that the emissions coming from the Chinese cities and provinces represented in Los Angeles are roughly equal to those coming from the entire nation of Brazil. 

But it’s not only U.S. and Chinese cities that are taking important steps to reduce their carbon footprints.  Cities in every corner of the globe – including many represented here in this room – are doing the same. 

In fact, more than 100[2] cities globally – more than 50 here in the United States – have signed the Compact of Mayors, which Mike helped launch in an effort to galvanize clear commitments to cut greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change.

Now folks, I’ve served in elected office for a little more than 28 years – actually more than 30 years if I include the lieutenant governor period.  And I saw a lot of choices – and I know Mike feels the same way about this – that we have to make in public life.  You’re lucky if you get a one-for-one, make a hard choice and you get a really good payback for that one hard choice. 

Climate change, the math is so simple.  On one side, you’ve got the cost of the initial investments, which is relatively small.  And on the other, you have the cost of not doing anything, not acting to reduce carbon, costs which include agricultural and environmental degradation, remediation, which would cost hundreds of billions of dollars; damage to public health, people who die and go to the hospital, kids – largest cause of children hospitalized in the summer in the United States of America, environmentally induced asthma, costs us billions, tens of billions – damage to communities from record storms and flooding; and ultimately an enormous drop in the value of coastal real estate and businesses.  That’s just one part of the ledger.  That doesn’t even start to account for the cost of the disease, the cost of jobs, all the other things.

So compare those downsides to the upsides that come with this decision – living up to your environmental responsibility; creating, literally over the period of time, with $17 trillion currently geared to go into investment in energy, millions of jobs, tens of millions of jobs.  Huge wealth can be created, even as you make people healthier, reduce the sickness that comes from particulates in the air and the cancer that comes with it.  Run the list, folks.  This is a pretty easy balance sheet to come out on.

More and more city leaders are coming to that conclusion.  And that’s why Jakarta just launched the first Bus Rapid Transit system in Southern and Southeastern Asia.  It’s already helping to reduce congestion on the roads and pollution in the air.  It’s why Berlin created a campaign to plant 10,000 new trees along the streets by 2017.  It’s why Buenos Aires launched Argentina’s first bike-sharing program.  And it’s why Vancouver set a goal of obtaining 100 percent – 100 percent – of its energy from renewable sources by 2050.

The fact is that some of the most promising, innovative, effective climate solutions are coming directly from mayors around the world and around the United States.

Now, obviously, no two cities are alike.  But many have the same goals and they face the same challenges when it comes to de-carbonizing their local economies, and that’s why the State Department and Bloomberg Philanthropies created the Our Cities, Our Climate Exchange for city officials across the globe: because we want to create a platform for urban leaders to share their individual successes and to exchange ideas about those future projects that can make a difference. 

Sustainability directors from 19 different cities have spent the past 10 days discussing ways to transport people using less fuel, keep people warm using less oil, recycle materials with less waste, and much more.  And if you ask any of the participants, I expect that they will tell you they did not come here to talk about theoretical solutions.  They came here to be practical and to find practical actions that they can take.  And all of this matters because the actions that leaders are taking at the local level will send a timely message at the global level. 

Now, I am not here to tell you that a global climate agreement is going to be the silver bullet that eliminates the threat that is currently posed by climate change.  What we accomplish in Paris is not going to get the total job done, it is going to set the stage and be a major jump-off point for which the marketplace can begin and the private sector can begin to take a cue from all of these governments setting their targets. 

The kind of agreement that we’re working toward will prove that world leaders finally understand and accept responsibility for the scope of this problem. 

It will give confidence to business leaders who are uncertain about our collective commitment and hesitant to invest in low-carbon alternatives that we need because of that perceived hesitancy by governments. 

It will help leaders at every level of government on the globe to know that they’re part of a worldwide commitment to build sustainable communities.

So please tell everyone – the business community, the public, your partners in government – tell them all how critical it is that the world come together in Paris and have an agreement.  Failure is not an option. 

This is a time of extraordinary urgency, incredible possibility, and together we have the rarest of opportunities to change – to change not only our cities and our countries, but the entire world, all of which bears responsibility.

I think the Holy Father in his visit here could not have made it more clear to us in poignant and meaningful ways that perhaps no politician has the ability to begin to touch why this is so important and how we all bear personal responsibility to help deal with it.  So I look forward to working with all of you to help get the job done, and there could not be a stronger, better, more committed partner – a more courageous person who’s willing to act on what he believes no matter what brickbats come his way – please welcome with me, if you will, the former mayor of New York and the current special envoy, Mike Bloomberg.  (Applause.)

MR BLOOMBERG:  The height doesn’t quite work for me, John.  Sorry about that.  (Laughter.)  Tall people, I’ve pointed out to John before, have a real —

SECRETARY KERRY:  Doesn’t always work for me, either.

MR BLOOMBERG:  No, no, no.  They have a distinct advantage.  They know when it rains – starts and stops raining quicker than the rest of us, but short of that – anyway, Secretary Kerry, John, I just wanted to thank you for that kind introduction and thank you for hosting us today, and seriously, thank you and the President for your strong leadership on climate change.  Everybody expects you to come up with a solution overnight that will be painless and cost-free.  You haven’t done that, but you certainly have moved the goalposts, and we appreciate everything you’ve done.  And it’s up to the rest of us to continue the battle – a battle that we absolutely have to win.

America is best when she leads from the front, and I think you and the President deserve enormous credit for bringing the full forces of American diplomacy – American diplomatic might to bear on the challenge.  And I also want to thank you for recognizing a fundamental truth that was overlooked for too long:  We cannot address climate change effectively without putting cities at the center of the agenda.  Now, the fact is cities account for more than 70 percent of global greenhouse gases.  People are always talking about getting to the root of the problems, and in this case, it’s not complicated.  Cities are the root of this problem.

But cities are also the source of the solution.  And now, thanks to Secretary Kerry and other leaders, the voices of cities are being heard. 

When the United Nations Climate Summit convenes in Paris in two months, there’s going to be a different dynamic than there was at past conferences in previous decades.  Those conferences failed to produce a truly global agreement.  But since then, cities have stepped onto the stage and, without a lot of fanfare, they’ve become – begun forming their own global alliances.  They’ve acted because the stakes are very high, higher than they are for national leaders, and the incentives are also stronger.

And let me briefly explain what I mean by that.  When a hurricane fueled by warmer oceans and rising sea levels and destroys homes and businesses, people turn to their local leaders for help and answers.  When air pollution sends children to the hospital, as John pointed out, with asthma attacks, parents don’t turn to the members of Congress; they demand that the mayors do something about it. 

Around the world, national legislators tend to see climate change as an abstraction and a long-term policy issue.  Mayors see it as an immediate economic and health issue.  People’s lives and people’s livelihoods are at stake.  This is a public health and environmental issue.  If you want to worry about 2050, I think you should, but if you really want to go home and look your family in the eye and say I did something today so that you, my kids, my spouse, my companion are going to have a longer, healthier life, that’s where you really have to focus – doing things that improve the climate right now.

Keep in mind, when a city has cleaner air more people want to live there and more companies want to do business there.  And that’s why, surprisingly, Beijing is shutting its four biggest coal-burning power plants.  And they’ve also put a smoking ban in Beijing and, I might point out, the Chinese Government owns the cigarette companies and yet they’ve done this.  Why?  Because the people of Beijing and the people of China, just like the people of Washington, D.C. and all the cities in America, want to be able to live longer, healthier lives.

Now, climate – carbon pollution carries a heavy economic cost that cities bear the brunt of, so attacking climate change and promoting economic growth really do go hand-in-hand.  Mayors understand that and they have the political incentives to act.  Global challenges used to be the exclusive domain of heads of state, but this challenge is different.  In fact, I think it’s safe to say that climate change may now be the first global problem where success will depend on how local services are delivered, such as energy, transportation, and waste disposal.

Just by acting on their own, cities can singlehandedly reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by four gigatons over the next 15 years.  That’s like eliminating a quarter of all of the coal pollution that exists in the whole world today.  And the good news is mayors are eager to take this challenge on.  They’re not dragging their feet or debating the science; they’re rolling up their sleeves and they’re working together to spread the most effective solutions.  Why?  Because when the mayors talk to their constituents, the constituents, unlike what you read in the paper from members of Congress or anybody else – the constituents of all of the mayors in this city know that something is happening, they’re scared, and they want a fix.

I would suggest if you go to North or South Carolina right now, you probably won’t find very many people who say climate change isn’t real.  Now, all of a sudden, the debate has changed – well, it’s not manmade.  I don’t know if it’s manmade or not; science can only speculate.  But the bottom line is no rational person should sit there with a risk that’s so serious that it literally is life-threatening and not try to do something to ameliorate that risk and prevent problems down the road.

And that’s why we’re here today.  It’s great to have so many mayors and city officials joining us.  I know that many of you have spent the last week crisscrossing the country as guests of the International Visitor Leadership Program.  And I’ve seen firsthand what works when one city usually holds valuable lessons for many others.  Each city has its own unique culture and its own unique needs.  But the principal nuts and bolts of mass transit, parks, sanitation, and the power grid tend to be pretty similar.  So the more we help mayors and city officials innovate and collaborate, the more progress we can all make. 

And I might point out that pollution that comes from one place hurts everybody.  It doesn’t matter where you make the efficiencies, where you make the improvements – we all benefit.  And the contrary is also true – if anybody else pollutes, we all suffer. 

And that’s the purpose of the new partnership between Bloomberg Philanthropies and the State Department.  It will build on the work that our foundation has been supporting for years.  Some of that work has been through the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, which now has more than 80 members, and some of it has been through the Compact of Mayors, which commits cities to publicly detail their goals and using a common yardstick for measuring their performance, which allows the public to hold them accountable.  Mayors are always held accountable by the press and by the voters.  What mayors do you can measure, whether they do it or they didn’t do it.  And the voters, when they get to the polls, reward or punish those that don’t do the right thing.

Two hundred cities have now signed onto the compact, and we’re happy that the White House is pushing for a hundred more U.S. cities to join by the end of this year.  This new partnership with the State Department will complement the work and help spread it around the world.  Our Cities, Our Climate Initiative will connect mayors and policyholders all around the world.  It will recruit international sustainability experts and NGOs to help cities share best practices, coordinate their efforts, and implement the most effective climate actions.

Cities are anxious to lead, and more – the more they learn from one another and they borrow from one another, the more progress the world can make on climate change.  So as you have explored Boston, San Francisco, and Washington, I hope you’ve been taking good notes and keeping an eye out for ideas you can borrow and improve on.  And having the State Department enlisted in that work is going to make a very big difference, and we’re grateful to Secretary Kerry for making this partnership possible and for making this issue such an important priority.

One of the benefits of this work is that it also helps to embolden national leaders to make more ambitious commitments by providing them – by proving to them just how much progress is possible.  In Kyoto back in 1997 and Copenhagen in 2009, national governments didn’t have a good sense of that, and they certainly didn’t have any data on it.  Now they do.  Now they know just how quickly cities are moving.  And when they sit down this year in Paris this December, they will have something else that they didn’t have before:  They will have a model for action.  The cooperative networks that cities have created and the commitments that they have made and the reporting systems that they have agreed to provide a template for an international agreement.  Cities are proving that this model can work, and that’s why all of us have good reason to be more hopeful about this summit than the previous one.

Now, of course, cities can’t do it alone.  National leadership remains essential, and I applaud the Obama Administration for its clean power plan and also for its new rules on methane.  Cities will never fully displace nations in the global fight against climate change any more than they can singlehandedly reduce global poverty or expand global trade or improve global security.  But cities can be full and equal partners in all of this work, and I think Secretary Kerry will attest heads of state will be happy for the help – and they’re going to need it.

So let me once again thank Secretary Kerry.  You have been right, John, declaring that addressing climate change is only possible with a strategy that, as you said, transcends borders, sectors, and the levels of government.  Today’s gathering proves this effort is already well underway, and I want to thank each of you in this room for that important role that you’re playing. 

And as part of this work, I also want to invite you to join us in Paris in December.  We’re not going to have a unified solution to all the world’s problems, and certainly not to climate change.  But it is a report card, it is a step, and it’s an impetus to national and local governments to understand that the public wants to lead longer, healthier lives and that we are the ones responsible for doing that.  We’ll be co-hosting a cities summit with the mayor of Paris on December 4th, and the more cities that attend, the more our voices will be heard.  So I hope to see many of you again in Paris. 

We all have to keep up the good work.  This is the future of our families, this is the future of our countries, this is the future of the planet.  Nobody knows how much and how fast things are happening, but just let me point out 2014 was the warmest year in the history of the world.  The first half of 2015 was the warmest six months in the history of the world.  The month of July 2015 was the warmest month in the history of the world that we can measure.  If you take a look in the oceans, half of all the fish species have had their populations decline by 50 percent in the last – since 20 – since 1970.  Something is going on out there, and sitting around and arguing about who’s responsible and whether it’s this or whether it’s that is just an outrage.  We should do everything we can, and let’s hope that it’s just a short-term phenomenon, but none of us should run the risk that it’s not. 

Thank you very much, and John, thank you.  (Applause.)

# # #

[1] Misspoken program name corrected here.

[2] More than 200 cities have signed the Compact of Mayors.

Fact Sheet on the Trans-Pacific Partnership

 

 

THE WHITE HOUSE

Office of the Press Secretary

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

October 5, 2015

 

FACT SHEET: How the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Boosts Made in America Exports, Supports Higher-Paying American Jobs, and Protects American Workers

 

Today, the United States reached agreement with its eleven partner countries, concluding negotiations of the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

 

 

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a new, high-standard trade agreement that levels the playing field for American workers and American businesses, supporting more Made in America exports and higher-paying American jobs. By eliminating over 18,000 taxes – in the form of tariffs – that various countries put on Made in America products, TPP makes sure our farmers, ranchers, manufacturers, and small businesses can compete – and win – in some of the fastest-growing markets in the world. With more than 95 percent of the world’s consumers living outside our borders, TPP will significantly expand the export of Made in America goods and services and support American jobs.

 

TPP Eliminates over 18,000 Different Taxes on Made in America Exports

 

TPP levels the playing field for American workers and American businesses by eliminating over 18,000 taxes that various countries impose on Made in America exports, providing unprecedented access to vital new markets in the Asia-Pacific region for U.S. workers, businesses, farmers, and ranchers. For example, TPP will eliminate and reduce import taxes – or tariffs – on the following Made in America exports to TPP countries:

 

·         U.S. manufactured products:  TPP eliminates import taxes on every Made in America manufactured product that the U.S. exports to TPP countries.  For example, TPP eliminates import taxes as high as 59 percent on U.S. machinery products exports to TPP countries. In 2014, the U.S. exported $56 billion in machinery products to TPP countries.

 

·         U.S. agriculture products: TPP cuts import taxes on Made in America agricultural exports to TPP countries. Key tax cuts in the agreement will help American farmers and ranchers by expanding their exports, which provide roughly 20 percent of all farm income in the United States. For example, TPP will eliminate import taxes as high as 40 percent on U.S. poultry products, 35 percent on soybeans, and 40 percent on fruit exports. Additionally, TPP will help American farmers and ranchers compete by tackling a range of barriers they face abroad, including ensuring that foreign regulations and agricultural inspections are based on science, eliminating agricultural export subsidies, and minimizing unpredictable export bans.

 

·         U.S. automotive products: TPP eliminates import taxes as high as 70 percent on U.S. automotive products exports to TPP countries. In 2014, the U.S. exported $89 billion in automotive products to TPP countries.

 

·         U.S. information and communication technology products: TPP eliminates import taxes as high as 35 percent on U.S. information and communication technology exports to TPP countries. In 2014, the U.S. exported $36 billion in information and communication technology products to TPP countries.

 

TPP Includes the Strongest Worker Protections of Any Trade Agreement in History

 

TPP puts American workers first by establishing the highest labor standards of any trade agreement in history, requiring all countries to meet core, enforceable labor standards as stated in the International Labor Organization’s (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.

 

The fully-enforceable labor standards we have won in TPP include the freedom to form unions and bargain collectively; prohibitions against child labor and forced labor; requirements for acceptable conditions of work such as minimum wage, hours of work, and safe workplace conditions; and protections against employment discrimination. These enforceable requirements will help our workers compete fairly and reverse a status quo that disadvantages our workers through a race to the bottom on international labor standards.

 

In fact, TPP will result in the largest expansion of fully-enforceable labor rights in history, including renegotiating NAFTA and bringing hundreds of millions of additional people under ILO standards – leveling the playing field for American workers so that they can win in the global economy.

 

TPP Includes the Strongest Environmental Protections of Any Trade Agreement in History

 

TPP includes the highest environmental standards of any trade agreement in history. The agreement upgrades NAFTA, putting environmental protections at the core of the agreement, and making those obligations fully enforceable through the same type of dispute settlement as other obligations.

 

TPP requires all members to combat wildlife trafficking, illegal logging, and illegal fishing, as well as prohibit some of the most harmful fishery subsidies and promote sustainable fisheries management practices. TPP also requires that the 12 countries promote long-term conservation of whales, dolphins, sharks, sea turtles, and other marine species, as well as to protect and conserve iconic species like rhinos and elephants. And TPP cracks down on ozone-depleting substances as well as ship pollution of the oceans, all while promoting cooperative efforts to address energy efficiency.

 

TPP Helps Small Businesses Benefit from Global Trade

 

For the first time in any trade agreement, TPP includes a chapter specifically dedicated to helping small- and medium-sized businesses benefit from trade. Small businesses are one of the primary drivers of job growth in the U.S., but too often trade barriers lock small businesses out of important foreign markets when they try to export their Made in America goods.  While 98 percent of the American companies that export are small and medium-sized businesses, less than 5 percent of all American small businesses export. That means there’s huge untapped potential for small businesses to expand their businesses by exporting more to the 95 percent of global consumers who live outside our borders.

 

TPP addresses trade barriers that pose disproportionate challenges to small businesses, such as high taxes, overly complex trade paperwork, corruption, customs “red tape,” restrictions on Internet data flows, weak logistics services that raise costs, and slow delivery of small shipments.  TPP makes it cheaper, easier, and faster for American small businesses to get their products to market by creating efficient and transparent procedures that move goods quickly across borders.

 

TPP Promotes E-Commerce, Protects Digital Freedom, and Preserves an Open Internet

 

TPP includes cutting-edge rules to promote Internet-based commerce – a central area of American leadership, and one of the world’s great opportunities for growth. The agreement also includes strong rules that make sure the best innovation, not trade barriers and censorship laws, shapes how digital markets grow. TPP helps preserve the single, global, digital marketplace.

 

TPP does this by preserving free international movement of data, ensuring that individuals, small businesses, and families in all TPP countries can take advantage of online shopping, communicate efficiently at low cost, and access, move, and store data freely.  TPP also bans “forced localization” – the discriminatory requirement that certain governments impose on U.S. businesses that they place their data, servers, research facilities, and other necessities overseas in order to access those markets. 

 

TPP includes standards to protect digital freedom, including the free flow of information across borders – ensuring that Internet users can store, access, and move their data freely, subject to public-interest regulation, for example to fight spamming and cyber-crime.

 

TPP Levels the Playing Field for U.S. Workers by Disciplining State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)

 

TPP protects American workers and businesses from unfair competition by State-owned companies in other countries, who are often given preferential treatment that allows them to undercut U.S. competitors. This includes the first-ever disciplines to ensure that SOEs compete on a commercial basis and that the advantages SOEs receive from their governments, such as unfair subsidies, do not have an adverse impact on American workers and businesses.

 

TPP Prioritizes Good Governance and Fighting Corruption

 

TPP includes the strongest standards for transparency and anticorruption of any trade agreement in history. As such, TPP strengthens good governance in TPP countries by requiring them to ratify or accede to the U.N. Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), commit to adopt or maintain laws that criminalize bribing public officials, adopt measures to decrease conflicts of interest, commit to effectively enforce anticorruption laws and regulations, and give citizens the opportunity to provide input on any proposed measures relating to issues covered by the TPP agreement. TPP also requires regulatory transparency policies based on standard U.S. practice.

 

TPP Includes First Ever Development Chapter

 

For the first time in any U.S. trade agreement, TPP includes stand-alone chapters dedicated to development and capacity-building, as well as a wide range of commitments to promote sustainable development and inclusive economic growth, reduce poverty, promote food security, and combat child and forced labor.

 

TPP Capitalizes on America’s Position as the World Leader in Services Exports

 

TPP lifts complex restrictions and bans on access for U.S. businesses – including many small businesses – that export American services like retail, communications, logistics, entertainment, software and more. This improved access will unlock new economic opportunities for the U.S. services industry, which currently employs about 4 out of every 5 American workers.

 

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An update on Moving Dartmouth Forward

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To the Dartmouth Community:

Last January, I announced the launch of Moving Dartmouth Forward, a plan to greatly reduce extreme, harmful behaviors on campus including high-risk drinking, sexual assault and violence, and incidents of bias and exclusivity. I am writing to give you a progress report now that we are six months post announcement and two terms into the start of implementation.

My goal in launching the Moving Dartmouth Forward initiative was to ensure that our campus is a vibrant and supportive community focused on intellectual growth and engagement both within and outside the classroom. The elements of Moving Dartmouth Forward were based in large part on recommendations from a Presidential Steering Committee, chaired by Professor Barbara Will. In crafting its recommendations, the Steering Committee sought broad input from the extended Dartmouth community, consulted with experts on high-risk behavior, and studied best practices at a number of peer institutions.

A far-reaching element of this plan is to transform residential life at Dartmouth by developing a house community system, which we will launch next fall. These house communities will enrich the opportunities for social interaction and intellectual engagement within our residence hall system. We selected six talented house professors who will guide the creation of house communities in cooperation with Rebecca Biron, the new dean of the College, and they will be soliciting input from faculty, students and staff during the coming year. Additionally, we have committed $1 million to student programming this year.

Beyond the house communities system, Moving Dartmouth Forward includes a number of measures that will promote a safer and healthier campus. Last spring we revised the College alcohol policy to extend the ban on hard alcohol from students under age 21 to all undergraduates, and we differentiated penalties for violation of the alcohol policy depending on whether the violation involved beer or wine, or hard alcohol.

In the area of sexual assault, we significantly strengthened the College’s judicial policies a year ago. In the coming weeks, Safety and Security will send out a community announcement about a new Dartmouth-specific smartphone safety app, which I encourage every member of the community who uses a smartphone to download. Also regarding sexual assault, we have signed a memorandum of understanding with WISE, a regional advocacy and crisis services organization for those affected by domestic or sexual violence, and hope to soon have a WISE advocate working on campus. We are also piloting aspects of a four-year sexual assault education curriculum. And, later this fall, we plan to launch an online “consent manual” which will help to clarify acceptable and unacceptable behavior.

Last spring, students, faculty, and staff participated in three working groups charged with drafting a code of conduct, revising our event policy procedures, and drafting new standards for organizational accountability. I would like to thank those who took the time to work on these committees. This week, entering students will sign the new citizenship pledge, which was drafted by one of the working groups. Together with our Principle of Community and Academic Honor Principle, this new pledge affirms the rights and obligations that we all hold as members of an intellectual community–the duty to act with integrity at all times, in and out of the classroom; the right to express ideas freely, even if they are not popular, while remaining respectful of the rights of others; and the recognition that our diversity enriches all of us.

During the fall, we will introduce new rules crafted by the Social Event and Alcohol Management Working Group relating to alcohol service at undergraduate parties. Later in the year, we will introduce a new standard for organizational accountability based on the work of one of the working groups. All student organizations must make a positive contribution to our community in order to maintain recognition. These measures are in addition to those enacted last spring: a ban on pledge periods in all student organizations and a requirement for all Greek houses to have faculty advisers.

Last spring we conducted the AAU Sexual Assault Climate Survey and this fall we will conduct a Community Study, a campus-wide survey that looks at the learning, working, and living environment at Dartmouth (our campus climate). In the coming weeks, you will receive information about this campus climate study and I encourage all students, faculty, and staff to participate. We will release results of these surveys and use the information they provide to enhance our efforts to create a safe and inclusive campus.

Finally, to ensure accountability, I named an external review panel that will report regularly to our trustees on whether we are taking the steps that we promised in the Moving Dartmouth Forward initiative.

As we move forward with implementation, we will continue to assess the effectiveness of our efforts using information from the surveys and all other available data. I invite you to visit the Moving Dartmouth Forward website to stay informed about our progress.

Sincerely,

Phil Hanlon ’77

President

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FOREIGN PRESS CENTER BRIEFING WITH CATHERINE NOVELLI, UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH, ENERGY, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

FOREIGN PRESS CENTER BRIEFING WITH CATHERINE NOVELLI, UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH, ENERGY, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC:  THE PRESIDENT’S TRADE AGENDA FOR 2015

TUESDAY, MARCH 3, 2015, 2:00 P.M. EST

THE WASHINGTON FOREIGN PRESS CENTER, WASHINGTON, D.C.

MODERATOR:  Good afternoon, folks.  Welcome to the Foreign Press Center.  It’s our pleasure this afternoon to have with us Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment Cathy Novelli, who will be talking with us about the President’s trade agenda for 2015.

You already have the Under Secretary’s bio, so without further ado, I’ll turn the podium over to here.  After that, we’ll come back to you guys for questions.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Thanks so much, and thank you all for being here.  This is a very timely week to be having this discussion with you, and I just thought I would make a few remarks and really take your questions so we can have a discussion.

But as you know, Trade Promotion Authority is front and center right now with our Congress, and we hope that we will be seeing a bill very soon.  And Trade Promotion Authority is the procedural authority that Congress would use to discipline itself to vote yes or no on trade agreements that are submitted to it by the Administration.  And it also contains also consultation and transparency provisions so that the two branches of the government can work together most effectively.

And the reason why that is important is because that is what will greatly facilitate our ability to move forward with our trade agenda, including on two agreements that are under active negotiation, the Transpacific Partnership, or TPP, and the Transatlantic Agreement, the TTIP.

And so with respect to those agreements, the TPP is the one that is closest to being concluded.  We made a great deal of progress there.  It is obviously with countries that border the Pacific.  It comprises 40 percent of the world’s GDP.  And we are very much making progress towards a very high quality, market-opening, transparent, comprehensive agreement.  And so we’re looking forward to locking in those kind of rules, rules that give a level playing field to everyone, including to U.S. companies and to every other company who’s in that TPP process.

In addition, we have the TTIP, which is our agreement that we’re negotiating between the United States and the EU.  And there we have a $1 trillion relationship that is an ongoing and very deep relationship, a very old relationship, with a lot of cross-investment.  And we feel that we have a real chance there to get rid of barriers that are impeding efficient cross-border trade, investment, et cetera, as well to set a new bar on things like regulation, where we can make sure that we are achieving the twin objectives of protecting our health and safety, both for ourselves and for the citizens of Europe, but also doing that in a way that is most efficient and best for our citizens.

So we’re looking forward to concluding both of these agreements, and we’re looking forward to being able to submit them to the Congress under the rubric of trade promotion authority, should it pass the Congress.

And I’ll stop there and be glad to take questions on these things or any other trade issues that you have.

MODERATOR:  So please raise your hands if you have a question.  And when – wait for the microphone.  Identify yourself and your media outlet before you ask your question, if you could.

We’ll start here in the front.

QUESTION:  Thank you.  Jennifer Lee with Hong Kong Phoenix TV.   I have two question – first about the TPA and the second is about China.   So about the TPA, as we know, an increasing number of the congressmen want to address the currency manipulation issues in the TPA bill, which is obviously opposed by the Administration.  So I wonder if they really include the currency manipulation language in the bill, is this going to affect the timing of the final conclusion of the TPP?

And then this lead to my second questions.  So the Treasury want to convince the Congress that diplomacy is working, so he’s saying to Congress that through the bilateral trade talks diplomacy is working and China has reduced its currency intervention.  Does the State Department share the same view?  Thank you.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, Secretary Lew speaks for the Administration, and we very much support the engagement that Treasury has had on currency issues with the Government of China and with many other governments.  And we believe that progress has been made.

In terms of what’s in the TPA, our concern about this is that traditionally currency has not been something that’s been the subject of trade agreements, and trade agreements really aren’t something that are supposed to be the grab basket of every single conceivable issue that could, in fact, could affect our relationship.  And so we believe the proper channel for that is really the treasury-to-treasury finance channel.

And what will be worked out with the Congress will have to remain to be seen, but we feel very strongly that we would not want to be in a situation where we would have our own independent Federal Reserve Bank, for example, being subjected to binding international dispute settlement about decisions it makes.  And so that is the reason why we have been resisting having currency as part of the binding obligations of the TPP.

QUESTION:  Thank you.  My name’s Andrei Sitov.  I’m a Russian reporter here in D.C. with TASS.  Thank you, Secretary, for doing this.  And thanks to our friends at the FPC, as always, for hosting the briefing.  I have also a couple of questions.

First, very simply, is anything to do with trade and investment relations cooperation with Russia – is anything a part of the President’s agenda for the current year?  Is anything left standing basically from what we used to have?

And secondly, since the goal of the sanctions that the Administration currently has against Russia is to hurt the Russian economy, don’t you realize that by hurting the Russian economy you, by definition, hurt the Ukrainian economy because the two are closely linked, especially in trade?  Thank you.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, in the answer to your first question I would say that we have  had a history of a very long economic relationship even in our most challenging times in the history of our countries, and we have companies that are still doing business, American companies still doing business in Russia.  We have Russian companies still doing business in the United States.  And as long as those things are taking place within the law, we absolutely support the continuation of that.  So to the extent that we are going to be helping our own businesses, which is our job, to continue to do what they’re doing, we will be doing that.

We have a number of areas where we’re working constructively with Russia.  One of them is in the Arctic Council and there are a number of economic issues that are at stake there, including how will natural resources be developed at the same time as preserving the environment in such a pristine and delicate area.  And so we are robustly working with the Russian Government in those areas, also with the Iran talks where we’re cooperating.  So we do have areas where we are continuing to cooperate.

In terms of sanctions, I think there’s not a lot new to be said about that.  We have tried to be very targeted in the sanctions that we have taken because our quarrel is not with the Russian people, and so we have tried to use sanctions in a way that will send a message, that will have an impact, and to do that in solidarity with our allies in Europe so that we are all acting together to undertake the actions that are being taken.

QUESTION:  And I have a follow-up, a brief follow-up.  Since there was a question already thrown at you about the Treasury, I wanted to talk about the sanctions, the SWIFT.  Would that be economically helpful?  Would that be effective if Russia is switched off from the SWIFT system?  Thank you.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I can’t comment on actions that might be taken in the future.

MODERATOR:  Let’s keep moving along the front.  Jane.

And by the way, I see that our New York DVC has come back up, so colleagues in New York, if you can please step up to the podium.

QUESTION:  Thank you, Catherine.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Sure.

QUESTION:  (Inaudible) news.  We know that TPP is the heart, the center of President Obama’s rebalance strategy.  And while China is raising the One Belt and One Road in Asia Pacific, which include developing the FTAAP and the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank.  And so far, how do you evaluate this strategy might, in fact, affect —

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  The strategy of developing the Asia Infrastructure Bank or the rebalance, or which strategy?

QUESTION:  The One Belt and One Road.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, I think from our perspective, we think that there are many avenues.  Countries have many interests; they cooperate with many neighbors on lots of different things.  So we don’t think there’s only one mode of cooperation.  We don’t think there’s only one area of cooperation.  And we support China being robust in that region.  That’s where China is.

At the same time, we have very old ties there.  And as I said, for us it’s a very important and growing region, so we want to be able to make sure that we’re able to also have our companies do well there as well.  So – and I don’t think that these things are mutually exclusive, and so we support a robust engagement.  And we are also engaged directly with China.  We have our bilateral investment treaty talks that are ongoing and are actually going very well and progressing.  So we are not just only engaging with countries that are members of TTIP*.

CORRECTION: *TPP

MODERATOR:  John.

QUESTION:  John Zang with CTI TV of Taiwan.  Madam Secretary, I have a couple of questions.  First off, do you expect the U.S.-Japan negotiations to conclude before Prime Minister Abe’s visit here to Washington?  That’s the first one.

The second one:  What aspect of the President’s trade agenda for 2015 have something to do with Taiwan?  We understand that Taiwan wants very much to join the next wave of partners to negotiate full membership in the TPP.  In what way will the United States help in that regard?

And also, there will be TIFA talks in the second half of this year.  Are there any specific objectives that the U.S. has with regard to those talks?  Thank you very much.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Sure.  Well, so with regard to the timing of TPP, as said maybe ad nauseum, substance will drive the conclusion of the negotiations.  But what I can say is I think you all know that Wendy Cutler, the chief negotiator, is on her way, actually, to Japan right now.  I think she’s on a plane as we speak, in fact.  And so the negotiations are continuing.  They are making progress.  They’re not finished yet.  We are the two largest economies in the TPP and it’s natural that we’re going to have to work things out.  But I think people feel optimistic that we will be able to do that.  I can’t tell you a date by which that’s going to happen, and I think it will be driven by getting to the right place for both ourselves and Japan, and not by when somebody is visiting some other place.

In terms of Taiwan and other countries – and others who have expressed interest in becoming part of TPP, because Taiwan isn’t the only entity that’s expressed interest – basically, what we’re saying is that we need to finish the negotiation that we have in front of us.  My dad used to always tell me to saw the wood in front of me, and I think that’s really good advice in general, that we can’t get so far ahead of ourselves.  So we’ve got to conclude what we have now, which is a big amount of things that we have to conclude, and that’s going to take some time, even once the negotiation itself is concluded, to rectify texts and translate it, et cetera, et cetera.  So we really haven’t gone beyond and sort of designated, okay, here’s the next wave of entities who will be on the list.  And – but we are certainly open to the idea that TPP is not a closed system and we’ll have to see where that goes from there.

You asked about the TIFA talks.  So the TIFAs are very important.  We have them with a number of entities and we have them regionally, we have them bilaterally, and they’re very important because they provide us a framework for talking in very concrete terms about things that are going to enhance our relationship, both our trade and our investment relationship.  And they can be everything from policy questions to how do our companies work better together to how are we more transparent about regulations.  So it will be a very robust discussion, and I think we very much welcome it.

QUESTION:  Any specific issues, like the beef, pork imports into —

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I’m not steeped in all of the particulars of beef and pork, so I would hesitate to say.

QUESTION:  Brian Beary, Washington correspondent, Europolitics.  You mentioned TPP and not being a closed shop, but what about TTIP, because it – to my knowledge, neither side has ever said anything about the ability at some point of other countries to join TTIP.  I know Turkey has – is very keen to join, so can you say anything about that?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  We really haven’t crossed that bridge, nor have we put it off the table.  We are less far along because we started much later on TTIP than we did on TPP, which was going on for many years before we got to the place that we’re at right now.  And so I think it’s very early on to say how we perceive it.  And I will say, I think given the things that we have on our plate on TTIP, we really do have to focus on that before we think about what’s next and who would be next and if anybody would be next, and that just wasn’t part of the contemplation when we started it, but it doesn’t mean that that can’t be part of the contemplation once we’re finished.

QUESTION:  (Inaudible.)  Just any further elaboration on the timeline for TPA?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  For TPA?  Well, I think that’s really going to be up to the Congress.  This is a congressional piece of legislation.  As I said, we really hope that we’ll see a draft bill soon and then Congress will have to either vote on it or – hopefully – and we’re working very hard, the President is personally working hard, all of the Cabinet are working hard to make the case for why having TPA and having a robust trade agenda is good for the American people, for our workers, for our companies, for our small businesses, for the environment, and generally for lifting up all boats that will help global prosperity.

So we are all making that case very strongly, and we certainly hope that enough members of Congress will agree with us and pass the bill.

QUESTION:  Thank you.  My name’s Daisuke Igarashi from Japanese newspaper, Asahi Shimbun.  Related to this TPA issue, so do you think that Congress should pass a TPA bill before Japan and the U.S. reach agreement, or before TPP 12 countries reach an agreement?  Do you think TPA bill comes first?  Should it come first?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I don’t know if there’s a “should.”  I think we would hope that the TPA bill would pass soon, and the timing of TPP may be that because of the complexity of the negotiations, that it isn’t concluded because – just because of that, but we don’t think that those negotiations should be held up waiting for TPA to pass.  And we don’t have any indication that that would be something that would prevent TPP from moving forward.  We do think that it is much cleaner to be able to vote yes or no once an agreement is submitted, but having an agreement concluded, as I had said before, isn’t the same as submitting it to the Congress, because there’s a lot of lawyers pouring through every comma, making sure the text is the same, making sure that all the languages have the exact same words in them that mean the same things, and that’s a laborious process.  So it will be some time before the actual agreement is submitted to the Congress in any event.

QUESTION:  Thank you.  I’m Qi Gao from CCTV America.  I know it might be too early to raise this question, but I’m still wondering that if TPP – it’s an open system to more countries, and as you might heard that some Chinese official, including the vice minister of secretary of the treasury, has expressed the willingness to let China join this TPP agreement so that we can push forward the ongoing reform of China’s economy.  How do you reply those request?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, as I was saying, we need to conclude the negotiation that’s in front of us first before we move on with any other countries becoming part of it.  And I guess what I would say is we have not foreclosed the possibility of any country in the region who borders the Pacific becoming a part of it.  The idea is that we’re going to have a very, very stringent, high-quality agreement.  And so countries who are willing to buy into that high-quality, very stringent kind of agreement and make those kind of obligations for themselves, those are the ones that are – that would have the best fit with TPP.  So I think it’s a question for down the road.

QUESTION:  Thank you, Madam Secretary.  Gulbin Yildirim from Anadolu Agency.  IMF recently released a report that raised some concerns regarding these regional agreements.  They actually warned the countries involved in these regional agreements not to let them to take over the global trade policy agenda.  So how are you trying to address those concerns?  And I know that you said you are waiting to conclude the negotiations, but isn’t there a risk to be too late for reversing such effects, if they happen to exist?  Thank you.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I think that it’s possible to have multiple kinds of agreements.  I don’t think that the only kind of agreement is a multilateral WTO agreement.  The WTO is extremely important, having a multilateral system is extremely important.

But in the terms of the WTO itself, it contemplates that there are going to be countries or groups of countries that want to go beyond what is the base that’s set by the WTO, and it contemplates the idea of free trade agreements.  So when people founded the GATT way back when at the end of World War II, they understood that there was going to be more than just the ability to do things where everybody agrees.  And I think the value of the multilateral – of the sort of plural-lateral TPP-type things or the bilateral TTIP things, is that it can show a path forward that can get ideas out there, that can get ways forward out there, practically speaking, where countries can raise the bar.  And those can then become the platform for the rest of the world to look at.  And as somebody who’s worked in trade policy for many, many, many years, I think the results are pretty clear that open trade is much better for economies than closed trade.  So whatever we can do to push that forward, I think, is a good thing, and I don’t really see that there’s a danger by being able to set a higher bar in some circumstances, even if every single country isn’t included.

QUESTION:  Is there anything you are planning to do for countries that are left out in the cold, like Turkey, for instance?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, I think we’ve had a lot of discussions with Turkey about this, and as I was saying when we started the TTIP, we didn’t sort of sit down and say, “Okay, after we’re done with this, this country, this country, this country.”  However, I think we’re not precluding the possibility that Turkey could join TTIP once it is concluded, if everybody is comfortable.

So I think Turkey is in a bit of a unique situation, to be honest, because it has the customs union, unlike the EFTA countries, who just have sort of a free trade agreement.  There’s really not other countries that are in that same situation as Turkey, and so we will have to discuss how we’re going to take all of that forward, including with our allies in the EU and including with Turkey.

MODERATOR:  We can go in the back.

QUESTION:  Alfonso Fernandez from the Spanish newswire EFE.  You talk about the TTP – the TPP as the closest deal, and this briefing is called Presidential Trade Agenda.  Do you think that the trade agreement with Europe could be done before Obama leaves the White House?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, once again, I would say substance is going to have to drive when things are finished.  I think it’s possible that the agreement could be done before the – President Obama leaves the White House.  I think it’s possible.  There’s a lot of work to do.  And like I said, the TPP began many years ago, and so it’s been going on, and it’s gradually – when Japan joined, that added a level of complexity, but there is also a large base of negotiations that have been going on.  And TTIP is a newer negotiation, so it’s not that it’s behind; it just started later, and we’ll have to see.  I think our colleagues in the EU are committed to moving things forward, and now that there’s a new commission, that gives new impetus, and so we’re very hopeful.  And we’re ready to move as quickly as our colleagues in Europe are ready to move.

QUESTION:  Hi, I’m Gretel Johnston with the German Press Agency.  Hi.  I just wonder if you could go into TTIP just a little bit more.  I understand the ninth round is coming in April and it will be here in Washington.  And I wonder if you have identified what the major topics will be during that round, and if you’ve also set the dates – the specific dates for it.  And then if you could also say what else is coming in terms of the number of rounds coming this year that are planned.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I’m not aware that there are – that all the rounds for the rest of the year are planned out.  In terms of the exact dates, I don’t know what – whether those have been agreed to yet.  And when (inaudible) occur, actually everything is discussed.  There’s certain things that are emphasized, but everything is discussed, and the idea is to move things forward.  So there are not “Oh, we’re only going to talk about this one or this other thing.”  We try to just keep everything moving and all the plates spinning, and that’s the way you really can advance things to try to get them done before the President leaves office in 2016.

QUESTION:  Michael Vincent.  I’m Michael Vincent, ABC Australia, hi.  You talk about open trade and you’ve talked about the transparency of this agreement, but there’s extraordinary criticism here in the U.S. and in Australia about this deal being done behind closed doors, covering such a wide array of issues beyond trade – environment, human rights, labor conditions.  How do you address that concern?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, all negotiation – you cannot negotiate with other governments by having the negotiations televised to the general public, or you would never get to a conclusion.  What we’ve set up in the United States is a system of advisory committees that are representative of our industries, of our civil society.  They have access to the text of the negotiations and they provide advice to us about what kind of things they think belong in the agreement.  We have robust consultations with members of Congress, with congressional staff about what’s happening.  So it’s not that this is going on in a complete vacuum.  There’s a great deal of consultation that’s going on.

I think it’s the most consultative agreement of all time.  And I’ve spent my career negotiating agreements, so I feel comfortable saying that.  And I think that there’s a limit to what you can do in the public, but I think it’s important that the representatives of the public, who are their elected members of Congress, who are these representative folks on our advisory committees, do have a say in what happens in the negotiations.

QUESTION:  But it is a take-it-or-leave-it deal at the end of the day?  A deal’s going to be made and it has to be agreed by the Congress?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, the idea behind having the TPA – the Trade Promotion Authority – which is something every president has had for 40 years, is that when you negotiate complex international agreements, trying to bring an agreement to the Congress and then having every provision of it picked apart by individual members and amended would mean that you would be in an endless negotiation.  And so I think it’s really a practical measure to say that as we have a constitutional system of government here with separation of powers, that part of the role of the Executive is to negotiate these agreements.

And the idea behind having all these consultations is that you would be negotiating something that you believe the majority of the members of the Congress would support, that you would take their views into account as you’re doing the negotiations, and so that voting yes or no would not be such a difficult task at that point because the end result is something that has occurred because of intense actual cooperation between these two branches of the government.

QUESTION:  And sorry, final one.  Australia already has an FTA with the United States, and as part of that, as you know, it rejected an investor-state dispute settlement mechanism.  Why should Australia, as part of a TPP, accept such a mechanism?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Because we are trying to do a very high-standard agreement.  Investor-state dispute settlement is something that’s been in over 3,000 agreements globally.  We have, I believe in cooperation with our colleagues in Australia, tried to make sure that the provisions that are in the investor-state make very clear that the ability of governments to regulate for health and safety are sacrosanct, and so that some of the pitfalls and things that have been pointed out along the way – we’ve tried to make sure that this agreement is going to deal with those.  And I think it is very important that if we’re going to have disciplines, that we think about TPP going just beyond the U.S. and Australia but to a lot of other countries and being opened up to more countries over time, that we really do want to have that level of discipline on investor-state in the agreement.

QUESTION:  But you know the case involving Australia and the tobacco companies.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Yes, I’m well aware of that, and that’s why we have, in negotiating this agreement, tried to make very clear that regulating for health and safety is not something that would be subjected to investor-state dispute settlement.

MODERATOR:  We have a question here from —

QUESTION:  (Inaudible) News Agency Taiwan.  According to the USTR, the U.S. keep regularly update the TPP process to China.  I just wondered:  Do you have any information to – you would like to share to us regarding China’s attitude to join TPP?

And my second question is follow up the Taiwan’s join TPP – is willing.  According to the Heritage Foundation’s report, the Taiwan get a higher score in freedom of the economy and the market access than Vietnam, the one of the member of the TPP.  I just wonder:  Is there any political issue or concern for Taiwan’s join the second round negotiation?  Do you have any suggestion for Taiwan to – for the second negotiation?  Thank you.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, so there is no second round of negotiations.  So I just want to be very clear that, as I said, there is only a current ongoing negotiation of the countries that are part of the TPP.  And what’s going to happen in the future in terms of countries that would dock onto the TPP has not been determined.  And so it’s really not possible for me to say this or that country is going to be in another round because we’ve just haven’t gotten there yet.  We do keep China regularly informed on what’s going on, and as I said, I think there is plenty of room for everybody to have economic and commercial interests in Asia.  And so we will look forward to making those kind of decisions about expanding the TPP once we have a TPP that can be expanded.

MODERATOR:  If there are no more questions – we do have another one in the back.

QUESTION:  (Off-mike.)

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  (Laughter.)

QUESTION:  (Off-mike.)

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  He’s been sent on a mission.  (Laughter.)

QUESTION:  I have, actually.  Sorry, if I could just let my camera be set back up.

QUESTION:  Okay.

QUESTION:  Good?  Sorry, thanks.  I appreciate this.  You mentioned health and safety, but what about other issues like the environment?  If Australia changes its environment laws, won’t those – can’t those be challenged under a dispute mechanism?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, like I said, I mean, what we’re trying to do is tighten up how this is all working.  And I would posit that I think a lot of environmental regulations also are related to health and safety.  That’s a big frame.  So I don’t want to be categorical about things, but I think a lot of things that people would think about as belonging to environment are subsumed in the phrase that I just used.

QUESTION:  What about – Australia has a trade relationship – an FTA with Japan, with South Korea, with China, with the U.S.  Why would you recommend Australia accept the TPP if it reduces our trade outcomes (inaudible)?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Because I don’t think that it would.  I don’t think that it would reduce the trade outcomes with your countries.  I think, in fact, what it will do is provide a regularized platform for Australian investors in other countries.  Just thinking about it from not just a purely defensive position, which the questions that you’ve been asking – I think if you think about it from the point of view of Australian companies who are investing elsewhere, it could be hugely beneficial to them.  So I think – I don’t think that this will result in any diminution of Australia’s ability to protect its citizens on any issue.

And I would note that at least for the United States, we’ve had 18 cases taken against us and nobody has prevailed on any of those.  So I think there is a – I think we have a good record in terms of recognizing that there is a legitimate ability of government to regulate and that that is not something that should be being challenged under investor-state dispute settlement.

QUESTION:  (Inaudible) Madam Secretary.  Maria Garcia with Notimex, a Mexican news agency.  Organizations who worked for the rights of immigrants are planning to protest against the TPP in these dates because they think that the TPP could take jobs to the cheaper countries in Asia.  What could you say to them?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  You mean organizations in the United States who support immigrants?

QUESTION:  Yes.  Here.  They are planning on protesting these dates here in D.C.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Well, we believe very, very strongly that providing a level playing field for our companies is only going to help create more jobs for our middle class, for our small businesses, and making rules less bureaucratic, more transparent is going to aid that.  And the actual net benefit is going to be a benefit to our workers, or we wouldn’t be doing this.  So that’s what I would say back.

It’s true that manufacturing has spread out because we are in a global world, but we aren’t going to be able to go backwards.  We’re going to have to face the fact that we’re in a global world and we want to make sure that we are able to as the United States be as competitive as possible in that world, and we believe laying down these rules is going to actually help keep jobs at home.

QUESTION:  A simple question on the TPP.  So you said the TPA won’t prevent the TPP going forward.  So are you optimistic that the TPP can be done by June – this June?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I’m not going to give a deadline, but I hope that we will be done sometime in the spring, broadly defined.  (Laughter.)  Broadly-defined, broadly-defined.

And given the weather here, who knows when spring will come.  (Laughter.)

QUESTION:  Spring is coming.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  No, I heard we’re getting snow on Thursday.  We’re all hoping for that.

QUESTION:  Now.

QUESTION:  When?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  When is snow coming?

QUESTION:  No, the TPP.  (Laughter.)  Weather isn’t one of my things.  (Laughter.)

QUESTION:  Like April —

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I can’t give you an exact date, but I think we are very far along in the negotiations and we’re very optimistic that we will be done sometime in the near future.  That’s the best I can say.

QUESTION:  Ma’am, since you mentioned the WTO, I wanted to ask you about the fact that the Europeans tried to bring WTO action against the counter-sanctions that the Russians bring against them.  So does it make sense to you?  Basically, countries sanction someone, and then are unhappy that there are some responsive measures.  Are sanctions allowed by the WTO?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  I am not a WTO lawyer, so I hesitate to answer that last question.  I think that’ll be something that’ll have to be decided by a panel, and it’s – obviously, one of the things about the WTO is anyone who believes that there is a violation has the right to bring a case and see what happens, and that’s really the most I can say.

QUESTION:  Frankly, I don’t think I heard an answer to the question about sanctions actually hurting Ukraine – not the Russian people, but Ukraine.  Thanks.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  We – as I said, we have tried to be very careful with the sanctions that we put on.  We put them on for specific purposes.  We have tried not to use a broad brush.  And so we hope that the targeted sanctions will have the effect that we desired, which is really a change in the situation on the ground with regard to what is happening with the separatists and the military action that’s going on in Ukraine.  And that’s really what we want.  We want Ukraine to – sovereignty to be respected and for their economy to be able to grow without conflict.

MODERATOR:  Last time I said no more, there was still one more.

QUESTION:  When you were asked about transparency, I think you said something about the texts being provided to a committee, and I just wanted clarification on that.  Are you saying that then those texts are public, and are they – I just need to understand what you mean by that committee and whether those texts are ever made public.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Those are – you mean the cleared advisors?

QUESTION:  Yeah.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  There are cleared – there are advisors that are appointed.  They have security clearances.  They are allowed to look at the texts and to comment, but they are not allowed to – those are not public.  The idea is that that’s a way to have representatives of companies, of organized labor, of NGO community, of other civil society be able to have an input.  But it’s done in a situation that is confidential because, as I explained before, this is not – putting out negotiating texts in the newspaper is not going to be a recipe for ever coming to a conclusion on anything.  And I would defy you to find any major international agreement that was negotiated in that manner.  I think you have to be able to talk to people frankly and find solutions to problems that are presented so that both sides feel that they are getting what they need to get.

QUESTION:  The advisors then are actually – as you’re saying, they are representatives of companies and labor?

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Organized labor.  These are – there’s a – these are set up by a U.S. law, under U.S. law, and they’ve been in existence since the ‘60s, I think, but maybe the ‘70s.  I don’t know the exact dates, but they’ve been in existence for a long time under this law.  And there are members of all of these groups that are part of these committees, and they don’t just advise on these negotiations, they advise on – generally on trade policy issues.

MODERATOR:  That seems like a really good point for us to wrap up with a plug for our next program, which is coming up on Thursday morning at 10:30.  It’s another chance for you to ask questions about TPA and about the free trade agreement.  That will be with Jane Harman, who is a former congresswoman and currently the president of the Wilson Center here in Washington.  Thank you very much for today, and that’s the end of our briefing.

UNDER SECRETARY NOVELLI:  Thank you.

July 28 – August 1, 2014 DC Events

Washington PressPass: July 28 – August 1, 2014
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The Foreign Press Center is pleased to share with you our weekly announcement of events in the Washington, D.C. area. The Washington Foreign Press Center provides this information as a convenience, and the inclusion of an organization or activity does not imply endorsement, approval or recommendation. Please note that this information is subject to change.

NOTE: For the latest information on events, please check our online PressPass at: http://www.fpc.state.gov/events/index.htm

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Monday, July 28, 2014

WHEN: 3:00 – 5:15 pm
WHAT: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) Discussion on “Nuclear Politics on the Korean Peninsula.” Complete agenda and list of speakers.
WHERE: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-483-7600; web site: http://www.carnegieendowment.org
SOURCE: CEIP – event announcement

WHEN: 4:00 – 5:30 pm
WHAT: National Endowment for Democracy (NED) Discussion on “Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova: How Corruption Threatens the Eastern Partnership.” Speakers: Oliver Bullough, Journalist and Author; Peter Pomerantsev, Journalist, Author and Documentary Producer; Vladimir Soloviev, Editor-in-chief, Kommersant, Moldova; Olga Khvostunova, Editor-in-chief, Institute of Modern Russia; moderated by Anne Applebaum, Director of the Transitions Forum, Legatum Institute; with introductory remarks by Christopher Walker, International Forum for Democratic Studies.
WHERE: 1025 F Street, N.W., Suite 800
CONTACT: 202-378-9675; web site: http://www.ned.org
SOURCE: NED – event announcement

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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

WHEN: 9:00 – 11:00 am
WHAT: Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) Discussion on “Crafting Economic Policy at State.” Featured speaker: Catherine A. Novelli, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, U.S. Department of State. Complete agenda and other speakers.
WHERE: CSIS, 1616 Rhode Island Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-887-0200; web site: http://www.csis.org
SOURCE: CSIS – event announcement

WHEN: 10:00 am
WHAT: Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on “Iran: Status of the P-5+1.” Witnesses: Panel One: The Honorable Wendy Sherman, Under Secretary For Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State; The Honorable David S. Cohen, Under Secretary For Terrorism And Financial Intelligence, U.S. Department of Treasury; Panel Two: Dr. Gary Samore, Executive Director For Research At The Belfer Center For Science And International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Dr. Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow For Research At The Belfer Center For Science And International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Massachusetts; and Mr. Michael Singh, Lane-Swig Senior Fellow And Managing Director,
The Washington Institute.
WHERE: Senate Dirksen Building, Room 419
CONTACT: 202-224-4651; web site: http://www.foreign.senate.gov
SOURCE: Senate Foreign Relations Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 10:00 – 11:00 am
WHAT: Brookings Institution – Growing the Development Dividend: A Conversation with U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman. Speakers: Event Agenda: Kemal Dervis, Vice President and Director, Global Economy and Development, The Edward M. Bernstein Scholar; Keynote Address by Ambassador Michael Froman, U.S. Trade Representative; Moderated by Amadou Sy, Senior Fellow, Global Economy and Development, Africa Growth Initiative.
WHERE: National Press Club, 529 14th Street, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-797-6105 or events@brookings.edu ; web site: http://www.brookings.edu
SOURCE: Brookings – event announcement

WHEN: 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
WHAT: U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) – Colombia Peace Forum: Peace Proposals from Victims of Colombia’s Armed Conflict. Speakers: Clara Rojas González (To Be Confirmed, Colombian National Congress Representative; Luis Fernando Arias, Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca (CRIC); Deyis Margarita Carmona Tejada, Spokeswoman, Peasants’ Assembly of Cesar for Land Restitution and Good Living; and José Antequera Guzmán, Co-Founder, Sons and Daughters of Memory and Against Impunity.
WHERE: 2301 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-457-1700; web site: http://www.usip.org
SOURCE: USIP – event announcement

WHEN: 10:15 am – 1:15 pm
WHAT: House Foreign Affairs Committee Hearing on “The Shootdown of Malaysian Flight 17 and the Escalating Crisis in Ukraine.” Witnesses: Mr. Ian Brzezinski, Resident Senior Fellow, Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, Atlantic Council; Mr. Anthony Salvia, Executive Director, American Institute in Ukraine; and The Honorable William B. Taylor, Vice President for Middle East and Africa, United States Institute of Peace (Former United States Ambassador to Ukraine).
WHERE: House Rayburn Building, Room 2172
CONTACT: 202-225-5021; web site: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov
SOURCE: House Foreign Affairs Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 12:00 pm
WHAT: Cato Institute Book Discussion on “The Republican Party’s Civil War: Will Freedom Win?” Speakers: Author Edward Hudgins, Director of Advocacy, and Senior Scholar, The Atlas Society; with comments by Henry Olsen, Senior Fellow, Ethics and Public Policy Center; moderated by John Samples, Vice President and Publisher, Cato Institute.
WHERE: Cato, 1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-842-0200; web site: http://www.cato.org
SOURCE: Cato – event announcement

WHEN: 1:30 – 3:00 pm
WHAT: Stimson Center Discussion on “US-Japan-India Relations: Prospects And Challenges.” Speakers: Takaaki Asano, research fellow with the Tokyo Foundation whose general area of expertise is Japanese foreign/national security policy and international trade policy; Dr. Satu Limaye, Director of the East-West Center in Washington; and Yuki Tatsumi (moderator), senior associate of the East Asia program at the Stimson Center.
WHERE: 1111 19th Street, N.W., 12th Floor
CONTACT: 202-223-5956; web site: http://www.stimson.org
SOURCE: Stimson – even announcement

WHEN: 2:00 – 4:00 pm
WHAT: Woodrow Wilson Center (WWC) Discussion on “National Security and Climate Change: What Do We Need to Know?” Speakers: Alice Hill, White House Senior Advisor for Preparedness and Resilience; Ian Kraucunas, Deputy Director of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division; Commander John Marburger, Climate Change Affairs Officer of the U.S. Navy’s Task Force Climate Change; Larry Phillips, Chair of the King County Council; Henry M. Jackson Foundation Vice President Craig Gannett, a partner at Davis Wright Tremaine and co-chair of the firm’s Energy and Environmental practice group, will moderate the discussion; Roger-Mark De Souza, Director of the Wilson Center’s Program will open the briefing and provide concluding remarks.
WHERE: 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-691-4000; web site: http://www.wilsoncenter.org
SOURCE: WWC – event announcement

WHEN: 10:00 am
WHAT: Senate Finance Committee Hearing on “The U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement: Lessons Learned Two Years Later.” Witnesses: TBA
WHERE: Senate Dirksen Building, Room # – TBA
CONTACT: 202-224-4515; web site: http://www.finance.senate.gov
SOURCE: Senate Finance Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 5:30 – 7:00 pm
WHAT: Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) – The Value of Higher Education in Development: A Conversation with 2014 YALI Washington Fellows on Education & Youth Entrepreneurs. Complete agenda and list of speakers.
WHERE: CSIS, 1616 Rhode Island Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-887-0200; web site: http://www.csis.org
SOURCE: CSIS – event announcement

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Wednesday, July 30, 2014

WHEN: 10:00 am
WHAT: Senate Finance Committee Hearing on “The African Growth and Opportunity Act at 14: The Road Ahead.” Witnesses: TBA
WHERE: Senate Dirksen Building, Room 215
CONTACT: 202-224-4515; web site: http://www.finance.senate.gov
SOURCE: Senate Finance Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 10:00 am
WHAT: Bipartisan Policy Center Discussion on “Children and the Crisis at the Border.” Complete agenda and list of speakers.
WHERE: National Press Club, 529 14th Street, N.W., 13th Floor, the Holeman Lounge
CONTACT: 202-204-2400; web site: http://bipartisanpolicy.org
SOURCE: Bipartisan Policy Center – event announcement

WHEN: 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
WHAT: Woodrow Wilson Center (WWC) Discussion on “Data Journalism and Policymaking: A Changing Landscape.” Speakers: Kalev H. Leetaru, Yahoo! Fellow at Georgetown University; Alexander B Howard, Writer and Editor; and Louise Lief, / Public Policy Scholar, Independent Journalist.
WHERE: 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-691-4000; web site: http://www.wilsoncenter.org
SOURCE: WWC – event announcement

WHEN: 10:30 – 11:30 am
WHAT: Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) Discussion on “Credible Maritime Partners in the 21st Century.” Speakers: Admiral Sir George Zambellas, KCB DSC ADC DL, First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff, Royal Navy; Moderated by Franklin Miller, Senior Adviser (non-resident), International Security Program, CSIS; Introductory remarks by Dr. John Hamre, President, CEO, and Pritzker Chair, CSIS.
WHERE: CSIS, 1616 Rhode Island Avenue, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-887-0200; web site: http://www.csis.org
SOURCE: CSIS – event announcement

WHEN: 10:30 am – 12:00 pm
WHAT: Atlantic Council Discussion on “Tunisia’s Political Prospects.” Speakers: Duncan Pickard, Nonresident Fellow, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Atlantic Council;
Fatima Hadji, Program Officer for the Maghreb, National Endowment for Democracy;
Moderated by Karim Mezran, Senior Fellow, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Atlantic Council.
WHERE: 1030 15th Street, N.W., 12th Floor
CONTACT: 202-463-7226; web site: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org
SOURCE: Atlantic Council – event announcement

WHEN: 12:00 – 1:00 pm
WHAT: Heritage Foundation Discussion on “The Iraq Meltdown: What Next?” Speakers: Keynote remarks by The Honorable Jim Bridenstine (R-OK), Member, United States House of Representatives; Followed by a Discussion with Jessica Lewis, Research Director, Institute for the Study of War; Steven P. Bucci, Ph.D., Director, Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign and National Security Policy, The Heritage Foundation; and James Phillips, Senior Research Fellow for Middle Eastern Affairs, The Heritage Foundation.
WHERE: Heritage Foundation, 214 Massachusetts Avenue, N.E.
CONTACT: 202-546-4400; web site: http://www.heritage.org
SOURCE: Heritage – event announcement

WHEN: 12:00 – 1:30 pm
WHAT: Middle East Institute (MEI) Discussion of the recently released World Bank report, “More Jobs, Better Jobs: A Priority for Egypt.” Speakers: Inger Andersen (MENA Vice President, The World Bank), lead author Tara Vishwanath (Poverty Global Practice, The World Bank) will present the main findings of the report, focusing on its implications for policy; Discussants: Hisham Fahmy, American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt; Hafez Ghanem, Global Economy and Development Program, The Brookings Institution; and Ana Revenga, Poverty Global Practice, The World Bank; journalist Paul Danahar (BBC) will moderate the event.
WHERE: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW
CONTACT: 202-785-1141; web site: http://www.mei.edu
SOURCE: MEI – event announcement

WHEN: 12:30 – 2:00 pm
WHAT: Atlantic Council Discussion on “Shifting Political Alliances: Are Gains from Yemen’s National Dialogue Slipping.” Speakers: Mohammed Almaitami, Chairman, Khobara Center for Development and Consulting Services; Moderated by Danya Greenfield, Acting Director, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Atlantic Council.
WHERE: 1030 15th Street, N.W., 12th Floor
CONTACT: 202-463-7226; web site: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org
SOURCE: Atlantic Council – event announcement

WHEN: 2:00 – 5:00 pm
WHAT: House Foreign Affairs Committee Hearing on “Twenty-Years of U.S. Policy on North Korea: From Agreed Framework to Strategic Patience.” Witnesses: The Honorable Glyn Davies, Special Representative for North Korea Policy, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State; and The Honorable Robert King, Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights, Office of the Special Envoy for Human Rights in North Korea, U.S. Department of State.
WHERE: House Rayburn Building, Room 2172
CONTACT: 202-225-5021; web site: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov
SOURCE: House Foreign Affairs Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 2:00 – 5:00 pm
WHAT: House Foreign Affairs Committee Hearing on “Building Prosperity in Latin America: Investor Confidence in the Rule of Law.” Witness: The Honorable James K. Glassman, Visiting Fellow, American Enterprise Institute (Former Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, U.S. Department of State).
WHERE: House Rayburn Building, Room 2200
CONTACT: 202-225-5021; web site: http://foreignaffairs.house.gov
SOURCE: House Foreign Affairs Committee – hearing announcement

WHEN: 6:00 – 8:00 pm
WHAT: Middle East Institute (MEI) – A Conversation with Taysir Batniji, Acclaimed Gaza-born Artist. Speakers: Gaza-born multi-media artist Taysir Batniji in a conversation with Jerusalem Fund curator Dagmar Painter.
WHERE: MEI, 1761 N Street, N.W.
CONTACT: 202-785-1141; web site: http://www.mei.edu
SOURCE: MEI – event announcement

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Thursday, July 31, 2014

WHEN: 11:00 am – 12:15 pm
WHAT: Atlantic Council Discussion on “The U.S. – Africa Leaders Summit: A Preview.” Speakers: The Hon. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Assistant Secretary for African Affairs,
U.S. Department of State; Moderated by J. Peter Pham, Director, Africa Center, Atlantic Council.
WHERE: 1030 15th Street, N.W., 12th Floor
CONTACT: 202-463-7226; web site: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org
SOURCE: Atlantic Council – event announcement

WHEN: 12:00 pm
WHAT: Cato Institute Discussion on the “Federal Budget Outlook: It’s Worse Than You Think.” Speakers: Sen. Ron Johnson, (R-WI) and Member, Senate Budget Committee; and Chris Edwards, Editor, DownsizingGovernment.Org, Cato Institute; Moderated by Daniel J. Mitchell, Senior Fellow, Cato Institute.
WHERE: 121 Cannon House Office Building
CONTACT: 202-842-0200; web site: http://www.cato.org
SOURCE: Cato – event announcement

WHEN: 3:30 – 5:00 pm
WHAT: Atlantic Council – Gaza: Breaking the Vicious Cycle, A Conversation with Dr. Salam Fayyad. Speakers: Dr. Salam Fayyad, Distinguished Statesman, Atlantic Council;
Welcome remarks by Gen. James L. Jones Jr., USMC (Ret.), President, Jones Group International, Chairman, Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, Atlantic Council; Moderated by Frederick Kempe, President and CEO, Atlantic Council.
WHERE: 1030 15th Street, N.W., 12th Floor
CONTACT: 202-463-7226; web site: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org
SOURCE: Atlantic Council – event announcement

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Friday, August 1, 2014

WHEN: 1:00 pm
WHAT: National Press Club (NPC) Luncheon with Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo.
WHERE: NPC, National Press Building, 529 14th Street, NW, 13th Floor
CONTACT: 202-662-7501; web site: http://press.org
SOURCE: NPC – event announcement

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Useful Calendars:

http://fpc.state.gov/events/c42190.htm – New York Foreign Press Center PressPass

http://fpc.state.gov/events/c42191.htm – West Coast PressPass

http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/appt/ — US State Department daily appointments schedule

http://www.defenselink.mil/today/index.aspx?showdate=03/30/2007 — Today in Department of Defense (DoD)

http://www.capitolhearings.org/ — C-SPAN’s schedule of Congressional Hearings

http://npc.press.org/ — National Press Club

http://www.si.edu/events/ — Smithsonian Events

http://www.loc.gov/loc/events/ — Library of Congress